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    Sale 1078

    POST WAR AND CONTEMPORARY (EVENING SALE)

    14 May 2002, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 31

    Sam Francis (1923-1994)

    Untitled

    Price Realised  

    Sam Francis (1923-1994)
    Untitled
    acrylic on canvas
    89 x 179 in. (226.1 x 454.7 cm.)
    Painted in 1989.


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    This work is registered with the Sam Francis Estate as archive number SFP 89-51.

    In late 1980s, Sam Francis's work was consumed with a new power of emotion and anguish, its depth arising from the despair of his own personal life. The death of two close friends and his diagnosis of terminal prostrate cancer in 1989 unleashed in him a rage that he began to aggressively articulate into his paintings. As the present untitled picture demonstrates, Francis literally attacked his canvas with intense hues of acidic yellows and greens, bloody reds and fiery oranges, hurling and pouring the fluid paint in much the same way that Jackson Pollock once created his all-over compositions. Like Pollock, he now preferred to work on a mammoth scale: every gesture is endowed with an immense physicality and emotional directness; the explosive pools and whiplash lines of paint evoking a chaotic and primal universe. Phantom clouds of black float within the center like a disease amongst living corpuscles.

    Untitled, 1989 was included as a pivotal painting in the major Sam Francis retrospective, which toured the world's museums between 1999-2001. Organizer, William Agee, wrote in the catalogue of the late 1980s: "These are some of Francis' best paintings, for he was working at a peak of emotional intensity that he perhaps had never attained before." (W. C. Agee, Sam Francis: Paintings 1947-1990, exh. cat., Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 1999, p. 46.)


    Special Notice

    On occasion, Christie’s has a direct financial interest in lots consigned for sale. This interest may include guaranteeing a minimum price to the consignor which is secured solely by consigned property. This is such a lot.


    Provenance

    Galleri Faurschou, Copenhagen
    Acquired from the above by the present owner


    Pre-Lot Text

    Taste Lines - The Five Important Paintings from the Collection of Lars Ulrich

    by Brett Gorvy

    Despite being the founding member, songwriter and drummer of one of the most famous hard rock bands in the world, Lars Ulrich does not fit the mould of the cliched rock star. On stage with his band Metallica, he may give the impression of a wild personality, but in private, Lars shows a great sensitivity and seriousness of spirit, sharp intelligence and deep passion. This is best reflected in his exceptional collection. Over the last decade, with amazing focus, scholarly research, and a good knowledge of the market, he has actively gone out to collect some of the true masterpieces of late 20th century painting.

    I first met Lars in the summer of 1995 in London. Knowing of Metallica's bad-boy reputation, I must admit that I too was expecting a heavy metal hard-man. Instead I encountered a modest and astute individual in his early thirties and we soon became close friends. Since then, we have worked together to assemble a collection that follows Lars' taste for highly expressive, deeply emotive paintings.

    Now based in San Francisco, Lars was born in Denmark, the son of tennis champion Torben Ulrich. His Danish roots drew him especially to the paintings of the CoBrA artists, an international group of painters working in Copenhagen, Brussels and Amsterdam in the early 1950s, who championed a primitive and highly expressionist art. Through careful study and bold acquisition, Lars concentrated on building an amazing group of works by the leading members of the movement, Asger Jorn and Karel Appel.

    It was in November 1995 that Ulrich acquired Appel's most seminal painting, Women, Children, Animals. Painted in 1951 at the height of Appel's creative powers, it epitomes the CoBrA aesthetic on a monumental scale. The Belgium painter Pierre Alechinsky proclaimed that "CoBrA is a form of art that heads towards childhood, tries to recover folk art and child art for itself with the means available to adults, non-naove ways." Appel's painting celebrates the innocence of children and their instinctive expression. Recovering from the horrors of the Second World War, the artist saw children as a symbol for a new society of hope and possibility. He imitated the bold color and free distortion of forms that he saw in children's drawings, creating here an exotic paradise where cats are the size of tigers and birds sport rainbow feathers.

    It has been Lars' mission to consciously search out and buy the finest work by his chosen artists still in private hands. This was certainly the case with his purchase of Asger Jorn's outstanding In the Beginning was the Image. Jorn is an extraordinary painter and commands paint with the same verve and sway as Willem de Kooning. In the Beginning is an epic rendition of a primordial swamp, where strange troll-like creatures exist and a cacophony of rich color and melting forms evoke the mystery of Nordic legend.

    As well as children, the CoBrA artists found inspiration in the outsider art of naive primitives and the insane. It was natural then that Lars, also a collector of outsider and tribal art, should own a major work by Jean Dubuffet. Considered the greatest French Post-War artist, Dubuffet was an influential supporter of Art Brut and populated his thickly surfaced canvases with figures inspired by graffiti and children's drawings.

    Dubuffet's most beloved series is collectively known as Paris Circus and portray the bustle and energy of city life with a mixture of innocent charm and comedy. Paris Montparnasse is a classic example of Dubuffet's chaotic urban vision, where the busy street becomes a portrait of modern existence. The traffic crawls bumper-to-bumper and the jumble of armless pedestrians and commuters sit grinning in their pan-cake flat cars or float along the pavement in defiance of gravity.

    Lars' collection follows a taste line, which encompasses paintings that display dramatic expression, strong color and gesture, and work often informed by a deeper philosophical soul. His enormous Untitled painting by Sam Francis symbolizes for me, the journey of Lars as a collector, where swirling lines and splatters of bright paint create a Pollock-like frieze. Out of the chaos emerge a pattern and a clear linear direction.

    It was Lars' desire to follow his taste line and to find a more contemporary exponent who painted with the same bold expression and primitivism as the CoBrA artists. He found him in the guise of Jean-Michel Basquiat. The latter was a modern day primitive, a street-wise graffiti artist, who reached superstar status in the 1980s, and whose short but brilliant spasm of a career ended with an heroin overdose in 1988. Lars was able to acquire several of Basquiat's finest paintings, but nothing compares to the staggering bravado of Profit I. This is Basquiat's Guernica. Here the artist creates an icon for Black America: his hero is both warrior and crucified victim, a self-portrait, shown emerging triumphant from the immense darkness. Basquiat fills the space with a graffiti of strange mathematical notations and symbols, as if he were trying to compute the vastness of this hell like a deranged Leonardo.


    Property from the Collection of Lars Ulrich


    Literature

    Y. Michaud, Sam Francis, Paris, 1992 (illustrated in color, n.p.)


    Exhibited

    Glasgow Museums and Art Galleries, Kelingrove and University of Edinbrugh, Talbot Rice Gallery, Sam Francis, June-September 1990 (illustrated in color, n.p.)
    Bern, Galerie Kornfeld, Sam Francis, March-April 1991
    Toulouse, Centre Regional d'Art Contemporain Midi-Pyrenees, Sam Francis, November 1991-February 1992
    Amstelveen, Museum von der Togt, Sam Francis, June-July 1992
    Berkeley, University of California Art Museum, Sam Francis, July 1994, (illustrated in color in the brochure)
    Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art; Houston, The Menil Collection; Konsthall Malmo; Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Renia Sofia, and Rome, Galleria Communale d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Sam Francis: Paintings 1947-1990, March 1999-January 2000, p. 140, pl. 85 (illustrated in color)