Zao Wou-Ki, Chu Teh-Chun, and Cheong Soo Pieng are the masters who merged Western-style abstraction with themes from Eastern landscape paintings, called Shanshui. Contrary to the Western landscape painting tradition, the Chinese canon breaks the boundaries of time and single point perspective, encouraging the viewer to enter and stroll inside the scene of the painting. The three artists featured here incorporated Eastern sensibility of Shanshui and Chinese calligraphy into concepts of Western modernism. They combined traditional Chinese ink-wash painting techniques with the brilliance of oil pigments, evoking beautiful mountain landscapes, and transforming the canvas into washes of rich lines and colours infused with depth and energy. They are the true pioneers who turned a new page for Western abstract painting by imbuing modern paintings with the spirit of the East.