The Corinthian helmet was perhaps the most successful helmet used during the archaic period in Ancient Greece. It became the most popular choice by the late 7th-early 6th century B.C, shutting out its competitors due to its combination of elegant form with maximum protection, leaving just a small area of the warrior's face exposed.
The type improved upon earlier models, in terms of its shape and ease of production. As seen on the present example, the Greek craftsmen of this period had learned to fashion helmets from a single piece of bronze, rather than two halves welded together, strengthening it and adding more protection for the warrior. It also features the peaked dart that divided the cheek- and neck-guards, as opposed to the earlier prototype on which the cheek-pieces and neck-guard were all the same length. This was perhaps adopted from the less popular Illyrian helmet, which was used concurrently (see P. Connolly, Greece and Rome at War, p. 60). The type also minimized the T-shaped portion of exposed skin, adding extra protection for the eyes, nose and mouth, although making it harder to breathe, see and hear. As M. Merrony explains (p. 208 in Mougins Museum of Classical Art), aesthetics were also taken into account by this time, the type described as “a masterpiece of the armourer’s art with a high domed skull, gracefully curving cheek-pieces and a slender nasal-guard.” The elegant shape is further complimented by the beautiful powder-blue patina, which is quite unusual for ancient bronzes.