Inscribed with name of Queen Hatshepsut (“Makere”) in a column of hieroglyphs within a cartouche reading: “The ka of Re is just”
Hatshepsut became the queen of Egypt after marrying her half-brother, Thutmose II, when she was around 12 years old. Upon Thutmose II's death, she assumed the role of regent, acting on behalf of her infant stepson and nephew, Thutmose III. Within a few years however, Hatshepsut took on both the title and responsibilities of a pharaoh. Her reign marked a time of prosperity: she expanded trade routes and initiated ambitious building programs, including her own funerary complex at Deir-El Bahari in western Thebes. In some commissions made during her lifetime, she chose to have herself depicted as a man. A portion of the surviving images of Hatshepsut are damaged, with their faces disfigured or her cartouche chiseled away. Historians postulate that this intentional damaging dates to the end of the reign of her stepson, Thutmose III, although it remains unclear whether he himself, or his son and successor, Amenhotep II, enacted the decree of defacement.