The subject of Bellerophon dispatching the Chimaera was popular in Etruscan art in all media from the 6th to the 4th century B.C. (see nos. 65-72 in Krauskopf, "Chimaira (in Etruria)" in LIMC, vol. III. For an Etruscan scarab depicting Pegasus in the same style as the present gem, perhaps by the same hand, see no. 868 in Richter, Engraved Gems of the Greeks and the Etruscans.