VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
First and Second: William Mayer Collection. C.T. Loo, New York. Frank Caro, New York, 1960; Third to Fifth: Acquired prior to 1978.
First and Second: Bunker, Emma C.; Kawami, Trudy S.; with Linduff, Katheryn M.; Ancient Bronzes of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, New York, 1997; cat. no. 170 and 22, illustrated.