These 18th century vases are characteristic of the Qing court's fascination with, and admiration of, 15th century porcelains.
It is decorated with the imperial symbols of a five-clawed dragon, symbol of the emperor, and a flying phoenix, symbol of the empress, circling among floral scrolls.
Vessels painted predominantly in copper-red were done in a very small number only during the Qing period and this vase is especially nice for the deep tone of the red that has a dramatic effect on the design.
No other similar example appears to be recorded although the 'dragon and phoenix' design with flower and scroll background can be found on doucai meiping such as the one illustrated in Porcelains in Polychrome and Contrasting Colours - The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Hong Kong 1999, p.259, pl.237.
The present vase also echoes the influence of blue and white meiping vases decorated in copper-red such as the one sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 10th april 2006, lot 1536 ; or copper-red meiping vases decorated with white dragons such as the one illustrated in Blue and White Porcelain in Underglazed Red (III) - The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Hong Kong 2000, p.187, pl.171.
See also a meiping vase decorated with chilong in very similar vibrant copper-red tone, sold in our New York Rooms, 19 September 2007, lot 404.