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Jean-Barthélemy-Claude-Toussaint d'Armagnac (1 November 1776- 12 December 1855). D'Armagnac received the Brevet d'Honneur (or de Récompense) on 19 March 1802; the sword was presented on 29 April of that year.
Thence by decent to the present owner.
Baron d'Armagnac joined the 1st Batallion da la Haute-Garonne in 1791 and was appointed Captain in the same year. He saw extensive active service with the Italian army 1792-98, being present at numerous actions, captured briefly, wounded, and holding various batallion commands throughout the Italian campaign. D'Armagnac transferred to the Swiss army in 1798 and in that year was involved in the capture of the Bridge at Berne.
D'Armagnac served throughout the Egyptian campaign, being actively engaged at the Battle of the Pyramids, 21 July 1798. He was provisionally appointed chef de brigade of the 32nd line regiment by Bonaparte on 26 July. In the following year d'Armagnac served in Syria and was seriously wounded in the head while leading the assault on the tour Carrée during the siege of Saint-Jean d'Acre. He appears to have made a quick recovery, being involved in the capture of the fort at Aboukir on 27 July.
D'Armagnac subsequently served under the command of Général Verdier at Lesbeh and for his services he received the sabre d'Honneur. He was provisionally appointed Général de brigade on 27 April 1801, the appointment being confirmed on 30 November.
D'Armagnac continued in the service of the Grand Armée, and was actively engaged throughout the Peninsula campaign. He retired from the army in 1831, having been made Viscount in 1822 and grand officier de la légion d'honneur in 1823. His name is included on the west side of the Arc de Triomphe.
For commentaries on the sword type and accounts of production at the Versailles Manufactory see the following:
Christian Ariès, Armes Blanches Militaires Français, XXI 1973, fig.3 A-C.
Captaine Maurice Bottet, La Manufacture d'Armes de Versailles, Boutet Directeur-Artiste (reprinted after the 1903 edition), XXIX, colour illustration.
Musee Lambinet-Versailles, La Manufacture d'armes de Versailles et Nicolas Nöel Boutet, exhibition catalogue November 1993- March 1994, p.168, No.78.