A number of comparable pieces to this powder horn are known, some of which can be traced in European inventories to the seventeenth and early eighteenth century. A particularly elaborate example was in the collection of Prince Elector Johann Georg II of Saxony in 1658, while one in Denmark which is very similar to the present example is noted in an inventory of 1737 (Robert Skelton (ed.), The Indian Heritage, Court Life and Arts under Mughal Rule, London, 1982, nos.439 and 440, p.135). Examples have been sold in these Rooms, 28 April 1998, lot 154 and 23 April 2002, lot 115. A further example was sold at Sotheby's, Exotica, 25 May 2005, lot 88. The present fine example is unusual in the inlay seen in the eyes of the animals. Most are just decorated with black composition indicating the eyes, although an example in the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts is gemset (Joseph M. Dye III, The Arts of India, Virginia, 2001, no.200, pp.424-5).