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    Sale 7715

    Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds

    31 March 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 136

    A CALLIGRAPHIC BIFOLIO FROM AN ALBUM OF SULTAN BAYEZID

    OTTOMAN TURKEY, SECOND HALF 15TH CENTURY

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    A CALLIGRAPHIC BIFOLIO FROM AN ALBUM OF SULTAN BAYEZID
    OTTOMAN TURKEY, SECOND HALF 15TH CENTURY
    Manuscript and gouache on paper with bold panels of calligraphy laid down on buff paper, first folio with many lines of nasta'liq written on a diagonal and bold naskh written horizontally, the verso with 3ll. of bold thuluth interspersed with smaller lines of naskh and small verses of nasta'liq, the recto of the second foilo with one large panel with mirror composition of naskh finely outlined in white against black ground, within an orange frame, another smaller panel with white thuluth on similarly outlined black ground, verses of nasta'liq written on the diagonal to one side, verso with large panel with 3ll. of bold white and white outlined thuluth on similar ground, further three lines written on a diagonal, further more minor lines of naskh and nasta'liq around, the name of Bayezid on one folio, minor scuffing and creasing
    FOLIO 15¼ X 11½IN. (38.8 X 29.1CM.)


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    These folios and that of the following lot, most probably come from an album compiled by (or in part compiled by) 'Asadullah Kirmani for Bayezid II (r. 1481-1512) or his father Mehmet II.

    'Asadullah Kirmani, whose signature appears on the folios, was the teacher of Ahmad Qarahisari (d. 1556 AD), who was a calligrapher famous for his skill at composing a text on page and was one of the most prolific calligraphers working during the reign of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566 AD). Qarahisari often acknowledged his apprenticeship with 'Asadullah in his work. 'Asadullah's own work is previously unrecorded. One panel of calligraphy here (lot 135, recto of the non-illustrated folio) gives the complete name of the scribe - 'Asadullah son of Bayezid al-Sadiq al-Sufi al-Kirmani. Bayani records 'Asadullah as a calligrapher of thuluth, naskh and nasta'liq who died in AH 893/1487-88 AD (Mehdi Bayani, Ahval va athar-e khosh-nevisan, vol. I, Tehran, 1348 sh., p.64).

    The text on the present folios includes poems composed by his father, Bayezid. A verse mentions that he came from Bursa and was honoured by an un-named Sultan, probably Bayezid II or Mehmet II. A number of the verses mention both Bursa and 'Asadullah's father Bayezid, indicating that he was the composer of the poems. The recto of the non-illustrated folio of lot 135 contains a heading which reads 'the handwriting of Bayezid Kirmani'. Although no text follows, it is likely that 'Asadullah intended to paste in an example of his fathers handwriting.
    For a discussion on comparable albums please see the note to the following lot.

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