• Art of the Islamic and Indian  auction at Christies

    Sale 7843

    Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds

    13 April 2010, London, King Street

  • Lot 210

    A CALLIGRAPHIC COMPOSITION

    SIGNED [SHEIKH] HAMDULLAH, OTTOMAN TURKEY, SECOND HALF 15TH CENTURY

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A CALLIGRAPHIC COMPOSITION
    SIGNED [SHEIKH] HAMDULLAH, OTTOMAN TURKEY, SECOND HALF 15TH CENTURY
    Arabic manuscript on gold-speckled paper, the two separate panels with 5ll. and 6ll. of black naskh, with gold roundel verse markers, laid down between gold borders with black rules on gold speckled sage- green cards, signed Hamdullah al-mustashhir bi Ibn al-Shaykh, areas of staining, slight scuffing, reverse stained
    Largest panel 4¼ x 7¾in. (10.8 x 20cm.)


    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    Contact the department

    Sheikh Hamdullah is considered the first great calligrapher of the post-conquest Ottoman period. He is credited with being the first Ottoman calligrapher to develop and standardize naskh as the most legible script for use in Qur'an manuscripts. He was born in Amasya in the North of Central Anatolia in AH 833/1429 AD or AH 840/1456 AD, the son of a Sheikh of the Suhrawardi order from Bukhara. It is for this reason that he often signs himself al-Sheikh. He learnt the six scripts from Hayreddin Mar'ashi, a follower of Yaqut al-Musta'simi and a pupil of 'Abdullah Sayrafi. When Bayezid II was governor of Amasya, he studied calligraphy with Sheikh Hamdullah, and on Bayezid's accession as Sultan in AH 886/1481 AD, the calligrapher became master scribe at the palace in Istanbul.

    The present panel is particularly interesting in that the calligraphy is an example of Sheikh Hamdullah's early naskh in the Yaqutian style, different from that for which he later became so famous. It is thus likely that in fact it was written just after his arrival in Istanbul. For a mashq by Sheikh Hamdullah's son, please see lot 208.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 17.5% will be added to the buyer's premium, which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.