• Art of the Islamic and Indian  auction at Christies

    Sale 7751

    Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds

    6 October 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 100

    A CALLIGRAPHIC EXERCISE (QIT'A)

    SIGNED HAMDULLAH ALSO KNOWN AS IBN AL-SHAYKH (1436-1520 AD), OTTOMAN TURKEY, DATED AH 920/1514-15 AD

    Price Realised  

    A CALLIGRAPHIC EXERCISE (QIT'A)
    SIGNED HAMDULLAH ALSO KNOWN AS IBN AL-SHAYKH (1436-1520 AD), OTTOMAN TURKEY, DATED AH 920/1514-15 AD
    Arabic manuscript on silver-speckled paper, with one line of black thuluth above a panel with 3ll. of smaller black naskh, signed and dated in gold naskh written diagonally in two illuminated cartouches, the text in cloud bands on gold illuminated ground, laid down on card, slight rubbing and staining
    Folio 5½ x 9in. (14 x 23cm.)


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    Sheikh Hamdullah is considered the first great calligrapher of the post-conquest Ottoman period. He is credited with being the first Ottoman calligrapher to develop and standardise naskh as th emost legible script for use in Qur'an manuscripts. He was born in Amasya in the North of Central Anatolia in AH 833/1429 AD or AH 840/1456 AD, the son of a Sheikh of the Suhrawardi order from Bukhara. It is for this reason that he often signs himself al-Sheikh. He learnt the six scripts from Hayreddin Mar'ashi a follower of Yaqut al-Musta'simi and a pupil of 'Abdullah Sayrafi. When Bayezid II was governor of Amasya, he studied calligrapher with Sheikh Hamdullah, and on Bayezid's accession as Sultan in AH 886/1481 AD, the calligrapher became master scribe at the palace in Istanbul.

    For further calligraphies attributed to Sheikh Hamdullah, see lot 100.

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