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    Sale 7571

    Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds

    8 April 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 189

    A GROUP OF SAFAVID CALLIGRAPHIES

    IRAN, 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A GROUP OF SAFAVID CALLIGRAPHIES
    IRAN, 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES
    Comprising a calligraphy signed Muhammad Reza with elegant naskh inscription in three horizontal and several diagonal lines over exquisite gold illumination comprising hunting animals and floral motifs, laid down between various panels of coloured gold speckled paper and polychrome rules on cream paper with floral illumination and two panels of gold naskh on navy ground, one dated AH 996 (1587-88 AD), another small panel with intricate decoupee calligraphy on variously coloured paper, plus five other panels, two in shikasteh, two in naskh and one in nasta'liq, some with minor areas of staining
    Largest: Text panel 4 7/8 x 7½in. (12.3 x 19cm.); folio 10¼ x 15in. (25.5 x 38.2cm.) (7)


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    Amongst these calligraphies are:

    1. A calligraphic page in shikasteh ta'liq signed by the most famous calligrapher of the style, Ikhtiyar al-Munshi. Al-Munshi worked in Herat at the court of Sultan Muhammad son of Shah Tahmasp and Governor of Khorassan. His recorded work is dated between AH 949 and 970 (1542-43 - 1562-63 AD) (M.H. Semsar, The Great Islamic Encyclopaedia, Vol. VII, pp. 175-78).

    2. An extremely delicate decoupeé (qatta'i) calligraphic page in nasta'liq, signed 'Fakhri', who was an 18th century Ottoman scribe from Bursa. For similar examples see the Khalili Collection (Nabil Safwat, The Art of the Pen, London, 1996, nos. 135-37).

    3. An ijaza (certificate) in thulth, naskh and riqa', copied by Muhammad 'Arif known as Tawfiqi al-Mudarris. Signed also by Hafiz Ahmad al-Rushdi, known as Yusif and ... Hafiz Ahmad, and dated AH 1211 (1796-97 AD).

    4. A calligraphic page, possibly in Urdu, written in thulth and naskh by Muhammad Reza on very finely illuminated ground, probably 16th century. The scribe is unidentified.

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