• Art of the Islamic and Indian  auction at Christies

    Sale 7751

    Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds

    6 October 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 62

    ABU NASR ISMA'IL BIN HAMAD AL-JAWHARI (D. AH 393/1003 AD): TAJ AL-LUGHA WA-SAHAH AL-'ARABIYA

    PROBABLY NORTH AFRICA, 14TH CENTURY

    Price Realised  

    ABU NASR ISMA'IL BIN HAMAD AL-JAWHARI (D. AH 393/1003 AD): TAJ AL-LUGHA WA-SAHAH AL-'ARABIYA
    PROBABLY NORTH AFRICA, 14TH CENTURY
    The second section of a celebrated dictionary of Arabic, Arabic manuscript on paper, 180ff. plus 2 fly-leaves, each folio with 21ll. of black naskh verging on maghribi script, important words and titles in red, each entry repeated in the margins in red naskh, losses, repairs, in damaged black morocco
    Folio 9 5/8 x 6 7/8in. (24.4 x 17.4cm.)


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    With this work, the grammarian Al-Jawhari introduced a new ordering of the dictionaries of Arabic by arranging the words according to their last radicals. The motive for this new ordering is unclear but could be related to the need for poets and writers to find rhymes for their composition (Kees Versteegh, Landmarks in Linguistic Thought III, 1997, p. 31)
    The numerous notes on the manuscript indicate that it was in Mecca and and Isfahan and was the prototype for a revised version of the work.

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