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    Sale 13206

    Islamic Manuscripts Featuring The Mohamed Makiya Collection

    18 April 2016, London, South Kensington

  • Lot 98

    'ALI BIN AL-HUSAYN AL-ANSAR KNOWN AS HAJI ZAYN AL-'ATTAR (D. 1403-04 AD): IKHTIYARAT BADI'I


    MUGHAL INDIA, DATED RAJAB AH 1064/MAY-JUNE 1654 AD

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    'ALI BIN AL-HUSAYN AL-ANSAR KNOWN AS HAJI ZAYN AL-'ATTAR (D. 1403-04 AD): IKHTIYARAT BADI'I


    MUGHAL INDIA, DATED RAJAB AH 1064/MAY-JUNE 1654 AD
    A medical manual, Persian manuscript on paper, 390ff. plus eight fly-leaves, each with 17ll. black nasta'liq script, words and phrases in red, marginal notes, dated colophon at end of penultimate section, incomplete at end, opening fly-leaves with copious inscriptions and two line drawings of flowers, brown morocco binding with stamped central medallion, brown morocco doublures
    Folio 9 3/8 x 5 ¼in. (24 x 13.2cm.)


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    This work is also called Badi' al-Jamal, from the name of the princess to whom it is dedicated. The date of composition is AH 770/1367-68 AD. According to Rieu, the author who traced his pedigree to 'Abdullah Ansari was born in AH 730 in Shiraz, where his father, Jamal-ad-Din Husain, a physician of Isfahan, had settled in AH 715. He was the physician of the Muzaffarid ruler Shah Shuja' (r. AH 760-86) for sixteen years. Besides this work, he wrote the following medical treatises: Muftah al-khaza'in, Tuhfat al-muluk, and Risala dar sifat al-murdhan wa zanan.

    The work is divided in two books (maqala). The first deals with the properties of simple medicines (mufradat) which are arranged alphabetically under their Arabic names with cross-references from other names if any, and the second book describes the properties of compound medicaments (murakabat) and is divided into sixteen babs.

    There are seven copies of this work in the British Library: Add. 16,748; Add. 7711; Add. 17,950; Add. 6001; Add. 23, 559; Add. 17,957 and Add.17,948., see C. Rieu, Catalogue of the Persian Manuscripts in the British Museum, volume II, London, 1966, pp.469-470.

    Keshavarz lists Ikhtiyarat Badi'i under Properties of Medicine (simple and compound) and states that the work is dedicated to Malikah Badi' al-Jamal of whom very little is known.

    There are sixteen copies of this work in the Wellcome Library, see F. Keshavarz, A Descriptive and Analytical Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the Library for the Wellcome of History of Medicine, London, 1986, pp. 257 - 261, no.124. Three other copies sold at Christie's South Kensington, 17 October 1995, lot 56; 7 October 2013, lot 77 and 11 October 2013, lot 728.

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