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    Sale 2178

    Splendid Ceremonies the Paul and Marianne Gourary Collection of Illustrated Fête Books

    12 June 2009, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 25

    AVIGNON 1600 -- [VALLADIER, André (1565-1638)]. Labyrinthe Royal de l'Hercule Gaulois triumphant sur le suiect des Fortunes, Batailles, Victoires, Trophées, Mariages, & autres faicts heroiques, & memorable de Trea-Auguste & Tres-Chrestien Prince Henry IIII Roy de France, & de Navarre. Representé a l'Entré triomphante de la Royne En la Cité d'Avignon Le 19. Novembre. L'An M.DC. Avignon: Jacques Bramereau, [ca 1600].

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    AVIGNON 1600 -- [VALLADIER, André (1565-1638)]. Labyrinthe Royal de l'Hercule Gaulois triumphant sur le suiect des Fortunes, Batailles, Victoires, Trophées, Mariages, & autres faicts heroiques, & memorable de Trea-Auguste & Tres-Chrestien Prince Henry IIII Roy de France, & de Navarre. Representé a l'Entré triomphante de la Royne En la Cité d'Avignon Le 19. Novembre. L'An M.DC. Avignon: Jacques Bramereau, [ca 1600].

    Large 4o (273 x 195 mm). Engraved title-page, 2 engraved portraits, and 12 engraved plates by MATTHIAS GREUTER. (Some occasional browning and dampstaining.) 18th-century calf (rebacked preserving original spine, front joint cracked).


    In 1600, the Archbishop of Ancona and the College of the Jesuits of Avignon undertook to present a spectacular celebration commemorating the entry into Avignon of the newly married HENRY IV (1553-1610), King of France, and his second wife MARIE DE' MEDICI (1575-1642). In keeping with the popular myths of imperial destiny perpetuated at the turn of the century by numerous theologians and astrologers, Henry IV was portrayed at the festivities in Avignon as the heroic Gallic Hercules, protector of the Faith and leader of a new crusade to eradicate the infidels. The numerous triumphal arches erected for the occasion and illustrated by the Alsatian artist Matthias Greuter are each decorated with representations of the Labors of Hercules symbolizing the deeds and virtues of Henry IV, including one in which the columns of Hercules hold up the papal and French crowns, supported by a sceptre and a sword respectively, with the motto "duo protegit unus" to show Henry as both ruler of his kingdom and willing defender of the Church. In 1601, the City Council at Avignon voted 40 scudis to the printer Jacques Bramereau in order to enable him to travel to Paris and present copies of this book to the King, Queen, and Princes of France. Berlin 2988; Ruggieri 99; Vinet 480; Watanabe 1686.


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