BRY, Theodor de (1561-1623). Wunderbarliche, doch Warhafftige Erklärung, von der Gelegenheit und Sitten der Wilden in Virginia welche newlich von den Engelländern fo. Frankfurt: Johann Wechel, 1590.
2o (318 x 230 mm). Collation: a4 b6 c4 d8; A6 B-C8 D6 E8 F6 (lacking F1 text leaf for Pict V and blank F6). German title and imprint on slips mounted on engraved title, presumably over Latin original. Adam and Eve plate is signed "Theodore de Brij fe" not "se." Engraved arms on dedication leaf, woodcut tail-pieces, WITH THE SCARCE MAP "AMERICAE PARS NUNC VIRGINIA," 23 numbered half- or full-page engravings above or facing German letterpress descriptions (all but the first numbered), 5 unnumbered plates of the Picts, ALL COLORED BY A CONTEMPORARY HAND. (Title, B6, C4-5 and F5 laid down with some losses at edges, map with several tears across image at center, d7 bound after A6, d8 and D1 reinforced along fore-margins affecting image edges and some letters, E2 with lower margin renewed, E3 patched at center affecting letters.) Modern green morocco.
FIRST EDITION IN GERMAN OF THE FIRST PART OF THEODOR DE BRY'S "GREAT VOYAGES." The map of Virginia, engraved by De Bry from a manuscript by John White, is "ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT CARTOGRAPHICAL MILESTONES IN COLONIAL NORTH AMERICAN HISTORY. White had accompanied Sir Walter Raleigh on his 1585 expedition to found the first British colony in America and created his celebrated series of drawings and this map on that voyage. Illustrating Thomas Hariot's text of the expedition, White's was the most accurate map drawn in the sixteenth century of any part of that continent. It became the prototype of the area until long after James Moxon's map in 1671" (Burden). It was the first map to delineate the Chesapeake Bay and contains the first printed use of the name "Chesapiooc Sinus." De Bry had originally intended to use Jacques Le Moyne's drawings of the French expedition to the Southeast for the first part in his series (see below), but Raleigh convinced him to devote the first book to Virginia instead, in an effort to encourage colonization. Eventually totaling fourteen books, the Great Voyages would become the foundation work on the Americas, and were largely responsible for the European conception of the New World. The White/De Bry map had an enormous influence on the mapping of both Virginia and Careolia, Cumming calling it "one of the most important type-maps in Carolina cartography." Burden 76; Church 176; Cumming Southeast in Early Maps 12. THE GERMAN-LANGUAGE EDITION IS RARE.
BRY, Theodor de. [Brevis narratio eorum quae in Florida Americae Provicia Gallis acciderunt, secunda in allam Navigatione]. Frankfurt: Theodor de Bry, 1591.
2o. Collation: )(4, a-d4; A-H6 I4 K6 (lacking )(1 general title, D6 [fol. 23] and blanks H6 and K6). "Mendae quaedam" leaf bound at end. Engraved arms on dedication leaf, engraved sectional title "Indorum Floridam provinciam inhabitantium eicones," engraved vignette of Noah's Arc on )(3r, 42 numbered half-page engravings above Latin letterpress descriptions, ALL COLORED BY A CONTEMPORARY HAND. ( )(2-4 a-d4 bound out of sequence after the plates, catchword corrigenda on I4, "Mendae quaedam..." leaf bound at end. (Lacking map of Florida and four leaves [as above], title and first four leaves laid down with some losses at edges, B5, D1, E2-5 with lower margins reinforced, C2 stained, G1 with repaired tear crossing text.)
LE MOYNE'S DEPICTIONS OF THE FLORIDA TRIBES ARE AMONG THE BEST EARLY IMAGES OF AMERICA
FIRST EDITION OF THE SECOND PART OF THEODOR DE BRY'S "GREAT VOYAGES." Jacques Le Moyne traveled with the second expedition sent out by Admiral Gaspard de Coligny to explore Florida. Le Moyne was tasked with recording and mapping as much as possible. They settled on the River May and built Carolina on the south bank. "Laudonnière proved to be a poor leader and was soon replaced by... Ribaut who, released from prison, had been sent by Coligny to take control. Shortly after the Spanish, having heard of the French presence, arrived to destroy the settlement and kill all the 'heretics'. Among the few survivors were Laudonnière and le Moyne" (Burden). Unlike the first part of de Bry, this was only published in two languages, Latin and German (not in French). There were further editions in Latin ca 1609 and ca 1634, and in German, 1603. Adams B-2986 (incorrect collation); Alden & Landis 591/38; Arents Tobacco 40; Burden 79; Church 145; Sabin Vol. 3, pp.30ff; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, pp.64-7.