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    Sale 13206

    Islamic Manuscripts Featuring The Mohamed Makiya Collection

    18 April 2016, London, South Kensington

  • Lot 91

    MANSUR BIN MUHAMMAD BIN AHMAD BIN YUSUF BIN FAQIR ILYAS (FL. 15TH CENTURY): AL-TASHRIH BI AL-TASWIR

    SAFAVID IRAN OR MUGHAL INDIA, CIRCA 16TH CENTURY

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    MANSUR BIN MUHAMMAD BIN AHMAD BIN YUSUF BIN FAQIR ILYAS (FL. 15TH CENTURY): AL-TASHRIH BI AL-TASWIR

    SAFAVID IRAN OR MUGHAL INDIA, CIRCA 16TH CENTURY
    A renowned anatomical treatise, Persian manuscript on paper, 46ff. plus three fly-leaves, each with 17ll. black naskh script, headings in red, words and phrases in or overlined in red, occasional marginal notes, with six anatomical drawings in gold and colours illustrating 1. bones, 2. nerves, 3. muscles, 4. arteries, 5. veins, 6. embryo, later brown morocco binding, paper covered doublures
    Folio 9 ½ x 6 ½in. (24 x 15cm.)


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    The Tashrih-i Mansuri, as this text is known, was dedicated by the author to Timur’s grandson, Ziya’ al-Din Pir Muhammad Bahadur Khan, the ruler of Fars between 1394 and 1409. It is divided into chapters, which discuss the bones, nervous system, muscles, veins, arteries, organs, and the development of the embryo. According to Barbara Schmitz, the earliest known dated copies are from the 1670s and 80s although since she wrote on the subject a copy, possibly in the hand of the author and dated AH 813/1411 AD, was bought by the Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection from Sam Fogg (http://sceti.library.upenn.edu/sceti/ljs/PageLevel/index.cfm?option=view=ljs049 and Barbara Schmitz, Islamic Manuscripts in the New York Public Library, New York, 1992, pp.134-35). A copy of the Tashrih-i Mansuri copied in Shiraz in around 1450 is in the Nasser D. Khalili Collection (MSS387; L’Age d’or des sciences arabes, exhibition catalogue, Paris, 2005, no.91, p.167). Like ours the figures which illustrate the nervous system and the bones in the Khalili manuscript are shown from behind, with the head lifted up so that the mouth is at the top of the page. The other figures are all represented straight on.

    Two other copies of the work are in the National Library of Medicine, Maryland (MS P.18 and P.19), another is in the Aga Khan Museum (AKM525) and three further copies are said to be in the British Museum. An 18th century Indian copy was sold at Sotheby’s, 8 October 2008, lot 45. More recently, a 15th century copy was sold at Christie's King Street, 23 April 2015, lot 16. For another copy see lot 88 in this sale and another offered at Christie's King Street, 21 April 2016, lot 83.

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