POUCHOT, Pierre (1712-1776). Mémoires sur la derniere guerre de l'Amérique septentrionale, entre le France et l'Angleterre. Yverdon, 1781.
3 volumes, 12° (162 x 98 mm). Half-titles. Engraved folding map and two folding plans at end of vol. III. Contemporary quarter calf, speckled paper boards (spines renewed).
FIRST EDITION OF THE PRINCIPLE FRENCH ACCOUNT OF THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. Pouchot, a professional French soldier and engineer, came to Canada in 1755 with the Bearn regiment. He was initially posted to Fort Frontenac (Kingston, Ontario), where the superior quality of the entrenchments which he constructed led Governor Vaudreuil to entrust him with the rebuilding of the defences of Fort Niagara. Following exemplary service in the capture of Chouagüen (Oswego) in 1756, Pouchot was appointed by Vaudreuil, on the advice of Montcalm, commandant of Fort Niagara, being the first officer in the French regular army to hold the post. While his Mémoires were written hastily with motives of self-vindication and exaggerate his role in events, they are a valuable record of the war, particularly of the sieges of Forts Niagara and Lévis. Pouchot discusses the low morale of the French troops, the corruption in the colonial administration, notably the transgressions of Bigot, Cadet, Le Mercier, and Péan, and also provides, in the third volume, lengthy and detailed accounts of the topography of Canada, and native warfare, manners and customs. The engraved plates include a plan of Fort Niagara and Pouchot's defences, a map of part of the St. Lawrence, showing Fort Lévis, the adjacent islands and the position of Lord Amherst's flotilla, and a large map, entitled "Carte des Frontières Françoises et Angloises dans le Canada depuis Montréal jusque au Fort Du Quesne." Howes P-516 (listing him as "François" Pouchot); Lande 716; Sabin 64707; Streeter sale II:1033.