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    Sale 7615

    Art of The Islamic And Indian Worlds

    7 October 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 288

    QUR'AN

    OTTOMAN TURKEY, LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    QUR'AN
    OTTOMAN TURKEY, LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY
    Arabic and Persian manuscript on paper, 278ff. plus 3 fly-leaves, each with 19ll. of flowing black naskh, text within gold margins with black and blue rules, gold circular verse markers, sura headings in white thuluth on cartouches of gold ground surrounded by gold scrolls on cobalt ground and green rules, marginal gold and polychrome illuminated roundels marking every fifth and tenth verse in white kufic, hizbs marked in gold thuluth in the margins, opening bifolio with very fine gold and polychrome illumination, thirty further illuminated bifolios marking each juz', Qur'an followed by an appendix explaining points borne in mind in the copying of the Qur'an and a Persian falnama, very light staining in margins, in very fine later Ottoman binding with flap and stamped and tooled central medallions and spandrels on gilt ground and red doublures with gilt central medallion
    Folio 6 7/8 x 4 3/8in. (17.5 x 11.2cm.); text panel 4½ x 2½in. (11.5 x 6.5cm.)


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    An unusual appendix at the end explains that the Qur'an was copied with the following points in mind. Each bismallah, except in the very short suras is written at the beginning of the page; the beginning of every sura is at the beginning of the page; the beginning of every juz' and the beginning of every hizb are at the beginning of a page; the heading for every juz' is on the right-hand page; the beginning of every seven division, the beginning of the middle of each seven divisions, every word that starts with the letter shin and the beginning of each of the four divisions are at the beginning of the line; the end of a verse is at the end of the page; the end line marking the four sajdas are at the end of the line; the names and attributes of the Prophet are at the beginning of the line; every verse starting with tabaraka alladhi is at the beginning of the line; all sura headings, juz' markers and those marking the middle of each seven divisions are illuminated, whenever the words subhan or fa-subhan appear they are written at the beginning of a line; when a verse starts with the word allah it is always at the beginning of a line; all verses starting with ya ayyuhal-ladhina are on the right-hand [page]; all words that had been written by artists (sic.) in a large hand were observed here; no missing parts or mistakes were written in the margins; the last two chapters were written in the same manner as the beginning of the text (sura al-fatiha and the beginning of al-baqarah), so that nothing should be added at the end of the text of the Qur'an, such as the name of the scribe or God told the truth., as this is considered makruh (disapproved by the Prophet); whenever the word al-hamdu li'llah appears it is written at the beginning of the line; words are not broken up; the 16 verses of the surah hal (sic. i.e. surah al-ghashiya) are written opposite each other (sic.), [probably two in one line]; the beginning of every seven division falls at the beginning of the right-land page (i.e. verso); many verses ending with the letter nun fall at the end of the pages at the beginning of the Qur'an; in sura al-ahzab, many lines start and end with the letter waw or the letter alif; whenever the word allah and the names of the Prophet appear they are written on the first line and the names of those cursed have never been written on the first line of any page.

    This appendix is followed by a Persian falnama in both verse and prose which includes quotations from the Qur'an.

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