• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 13519

    Shakespeare: The Four Folios

    25 May 2016, London, King Street

  • Lot 103

    SHAKESPEARE, William (1564-1616). Comedies, Histories and Tragedies. Published according to the true original copies. The third impression. And unto this Impression is added seven Playes, never before Printed in Folio. Edited by John Heminge (d. 1630) and Henry Condell (d. 1627), except for the 7 additional plays. London: Printed [by Roger Daniel, John Hayes or Thomas Ratcliffe, and Alice Warren] for P[hilip]. C[hetwind], 1664.

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    SHAKESPEARE, William (1564-1616). Comedies, Histories and Tragedies. Published according to the true original copies. The third impression. And unto this Impression is added seven Playes, never before Printed in Folio. Edited by John Heminge (d. 1630) and Henry Condell (d. 1627), except for the 7 additional plays. London: Printed [by Roger Daniel, John Hayes or Thomas Ratcliffe, and Alice Warren] for P[hilip]. C[hetwind], 1664.

    Median 2° (330 x 219mm). 517 leaves (including additional A1): COMPLETE. Roman and italic types. Double column, 66 lines, headlines and catchwords, pages box-ruled, woodcut title device, head- and tailpieces and initials, engraved portrait of Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout in third state. (Tiny hole in about a dozen leaves, occasionally affecting a few letters, paper flaw into text without loss in P5, short marginal wormtrack in Lll2-5, occasional small stain or faint spotting, small wax spot on a few leaves.) English mid- to late 18th-century polished calf gilt, single-fillet border on sides, flat spine tooled in compartments, red leather label ‘SHAKESPEAR’, yellow edges (a few scuff marks, extremities lightly rubbed).

    PROVENANCE:
    Sir George Augustus William Shuckburgh-Evelyn (1751-1804), Baronet, Member of Parliament, mathematician, astronomer, and Fellow of the Royal Society (signature dated 1800 on flyleaf, along with a note ‘Third edit. Much scarcer than the 2d’, no. 5628 on pastedown). See lot 101 for more details on Shuckburgh as a bibliophile. At his death in 1804 his collection was inherited by his daughter Julia and passed by descent: on Julia’s death in 1814 it passed to her husband, Charles Jenkinson (1784-1851, later third Earl of Liverpool); then to Lady Selina Jenkinson (1812-83), Lord Liverpool’s second daughter, whose first marriage was to William Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, Viscount Milton (1812-35); Lady Mary Selina Charlotte Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (1833-99), only daughter of the above, who married William Henry Berkeley, second Viscount Portman (1829-1919); Henry Berkeley, third Viscount Portman (1860-1923), whose wife Emma Andalusia Frere Kennedy (d.1929) was the widow of Lionel George Henry Seymour Dawson-Damer, fifth Earl of Portarlington (1858-1900); and continued by descent to the present owner.

    THE THIRD FOLIO, SECOND ISSUE, AUGMENTED WITH PERICLES; THE RAREST OF THE FOUR FOLIOS.
    THE SHUCKBURGH THIRD FOLIO IS EXCEPTIONALLY FINE. IT IS TALL, FRESH AND IN BIBLIOPHILE CONDITION.

    A legend has long persisted that a large proportion of this edition was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666, an assertion also made by George Shuckburgh on the flyleaf of the present copy. Even though the pre-fire address of the publisher, Chetwind, is not known, Jackson notes that the legend ‘would seem to be substantiated by the records’ (Pforzheimer III, p. 939).

    The Third Folio is a page-for-page reprint of the Second Folio, augmented in its second issue by seven additional plays, of which only Pericles is authentic. The other six plays are now regarded as spurious, although all appeared in Shakespeare's lifetime with either his name or initials attached. The first issue came out without the added plays and with or without the portrait on the title-page dated 1663. The second issue added the seven plays and is known by the frontispiece-portrait; Jonson's verses below the portrait cancel the ‘To the Reader’ leaf and the 1664 title cancels the 1663 title; both the cancels and the cancellanda are sometimes present.

    Although the name of the publisher, Philip Chetwind (d.1680) appears alone on the title-page, other owners of copyright were Eleanor Cotes, Miles Flesher, William Leake, John Martin, Gabriel Bedell, Thomas Collins and Alice Warren. Robert Allot's widow, Mary, was forced to relinquish her husband's copyrights before marrying Chetwind, but Chetwind successfully contested the assignment and recovered the copyrights on her behalf. The printing itself was divided between Roger Daniel, a second shop perhaps that of John Hayes, and Alice Warren.

    Samuel Pepys records in his Diary purchasing an edition of Shakespeare's plays in 1664; he subsequently sold it when he acquired the newest edition, the Fourth Folio, in 1685.

    COLLATION: pA4(+-A1,2 retaining uncancelled A1 bound after its conjugate A4) b6 (A1r blank, 1v frontispiece of Martin Droeshout's engraved portrait of the author [3rd state] above Ben Jonson's verses To the Reader, 2r second-issue title with woodcut vignette, verso blank); A1r blank, A1v To the Reader, A2r second-issue title dated 1664 and listing the additional 7 plays, verso blank, A3 editors' dedication to the Earls of Pembroke and Montgomery, A4 editors' note To the great variety of Readers, uncancelled A1, r blank, v Ben Jonson's verses To the Reader, b1r L. Digges's verses To the Memory of the deceased Authour, b1v anonymous verses Upon the Effigies, and To the Memory of Mr. W. Shakespeare by J.M., b2r-3r To the Memory of my beloved the Author by Ben. Johnson, b3v-4v verses by J.M.S. On worthy Mr. Shakespeare, and his Poems, b5r An Epitaph [by John Milton], b5v Hugh Holland's verses Upon the Lines and Life of the Famous Scenick Poet, b6r The names of the principal Actors, b6v A Catalogue of all the Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies); A-Z, Aa6Bb8 (Comedies: A1r The Tempest, B4v The Two Gentlemen of Verona, D2r The Merry Wives of Windsor, F1r Measure For Measure, H1r The Comedie of Errors, I3r Much adoe about Nothing, L1v Love's Labour's Lost, N1r A Midsummers nights Dream, O4r The Merchant of Venice, Q3r As you like it, S2v The Taming of the Shrew, V1v All's well that ends well, Y2r Twelfe-Night, Z6v blank, Aa1r The Winters Tale, Bb8v blank); Cc-Zz Aaa6 (Histories: Cc1r King John, Dd6r Richard the Second, Ff5v First Part of Henry the Fourth, Hh6v Second Part of Henry the Fourth, Ll2r Epilogue, Ll2v The Actors Names, Ll3r Henry the Fifth, Nn4v first Part of Henry the Sixth, Pp4v second Part of Henry the Sixth, Rr6r third Part of Henry the Sixth, Uu1r Richard the Third, Yy5r Henry the Eighth); Bbb-Zzz Aaaa-Dddd6 Eeee4 (Tragedies: Bbb1r Prologue, Bbb1v Troilus and Cressida, Ddd3v Coriolanus, Fff6v Titus Andronicus, Hhh5v Romeo and Juliet, Kkk6r Tymon of Athens, Mmm4v The Actors Names, Mmm5r Julius Caesar, Ooo4r Macbeth, Qqq2v Hamlet, Sss6r King Lear, Xxx1v Othello, Zzz4v Anthony and Cleopatra, Cccc1r Cymbeline, Eeee4v blank); a6 b4 *-****4 ¶A-¶B6 ¶C-¶F4 ¶G6 (additional Plays, a1r The much admired Play, called Pericles, Prince of Tyre, Written by W. Shakespeare, and published in his life time, *1r The London Prodigal, ***1r The History of the Life and Death of Thomas Lord Cromwell, ¶A1r The History of Sir John Oldcastle, the good Lord Cobham, ¶B6r The Puritan: or, The Widow of Watling-street, ¶E2r A York-shire Tragedy, Not so New, as Lamentable and True, ¶F1v The Tragedy of Locrine, the eldest Son of King Brutus).

    BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES:
    Bartlett 122; Gregg III, pp. 1116-19; Jaggard p. 496; Pforzheimer 909; Wing S-2914.


    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    Contact the department

    Special Notice

    No VAT on hammer price or buyer's premium.


    Pre-Lot Text

    THE THIRD FOLIO