D. Roberts, Mystery, Novelty and Fantasy Clocks, Atglen, 1999, p.187, fig.15-25b
Roberts illustrates a Chinese clock of very closely related design, save for a lower pagoda without the automaton figure. The present clock is in a style popular in England at the end of the 18th Century. See for example a pagoda-topped ormolu table clock by Francis Perigal also with automaton figure sold anonymously, Christie's London, 15 September 2004, lot 16. Emulating European style, many Chinese clockmakers inscribed pseudo-signatures on their movements.