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    Sale 7604

    Important Clocks and Marine Chronometers

    1 July 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 46

    A George II walnut striking longcase clock of month duration, with year calendar and equation of time

    JOHN TOPPING, MEMORY MASTER, LONDON. CIRCA 1730

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A George II walnut striking longcase clock of month duration, with year calendar and equation of time
    John Topping, Memory Master, London. Circa 1730
    The hood with reduced caddy, ebonised mouldings and mirrored panels to the break arch top, glazed rectangular side panels and gilt-brass capitals to plain out-set columns, the trunk with star engraved mirror quarter panels above star engraved and chamfered mirror door with ebonised moulded frame, reduced plinth on later skirting, the 12 in. wide brass dial with mask and foliate spandrels to silvered Roman and Arabic chapter ring with fleur-de-lys half hour markers and diamond half quarter hour markers, the matted centre with inset triangular silvered plaque signed John/Topping/Memory/Master above chamfered aperture for year calendar and equation of time, large subsidiary seconds to the arch with finely matted and star engraved centre and flanked by silvered subsidiary rings for pendulum regulation and strike/silent, blued steel hands, the movement with Y-shaped plates joined by ten ring-turned pillars with raised central section for the anchor escapement, further bracket for rise and fall pendulum regulation lever, rack strike on bell, case reveneered; 1¼ seconds pendulum, two weights, case key
    89½ in. (227 cm.) high


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    COMPARATIVE LITERATURE:
    T. Robinson, The Longcase Clock, Woodbridge, 1981
    D. Roberts, British Longcase Clocks, Atglen, 1990
    E. Bruton, The Wetherfield Collection of Clocks, London, 1981
    C.F.C. Beeson, 'A Clock by John Hawting', Antiquarian Horology, Vol.IV, December 1964, pp.273-274

    John Topping was a London clockmaker born in 1677 and apprenticed to William Grimes until 1698. He also signed himself 'Memory Master', although the reason is unknown. Tom Robinson (p.231) states that he was a maker of interesting clocks, including one in an ebonised case with centre seconds and having a rotating moon surrounded by a universal tidal dial. A clock by him with a dial of comparable design in a tortoiseshell lacquered case is illustrated, British Longcase Clocks (pp.76-77). A clock dial of almost identical design, signed Francis Gregg, is also illustrated (p.232, fig and also The Wetherfield Collection, p.197, fig.168), suggesting there was an association between the two makers.
    Derek Roberts (p.74), writes that during the 1720s and 1730s clocks showed much innovation in their design and construction. Many of the leading clockmakers vied with one another to produce more important clocks, spurred on no doubt by their wealthy patrons who wished to be seen to have the finest available. Displaying the seconds in the arch is a rare feature and involves dramatically re-arranging the layout of the standard clock train.
    There were a number of makers producing clocks with similar dial layouts, including Francis Gregg, John Ellicott, Richard Street and John Hawting (see Robinson pp.232-240, Roberts pp.74-75 and Beeson p.273 for some examples). One of the most successful and artistic of these was William Scafe; a good example of one of his clocks was sold, Christie's, London, Important Clocks and Marine Chronometers, 6 December 2006, lot 113.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Pre-Lot Text

    VARIOUS PROPERTIES


    Literature

    Illustrated, T. Robinson, The Longcase Clock, Woodbridge, 1981, p.230, fig