Dr R Plomp, Spring-driven Dutch Pendulum Clocks 1657-1710, Schiedam, 1979, pp.40-45
Tardy, French Clocks, Clocks the World Over, Vol.I, Paris, 1981, pp.130-131
Van den Ende, van Kersen, van Kersen-Halbertsma, Taylor & Taylor, Huygens' Legacy, The Golden Age of the Pendulum Clock, Frome, 2004, pp.210-213.
H.M. Vehmeyer, Clocks, Their Origin and Development 1320-1880, Vol.II, Gent, 2004, pp.792-795
Dr R Plomp, 'Dutch Influences in French Clockmaking and Vice-Versa in the Latter Half of the Seventeenth Century', Antiquarian Horology, Vol.IX, No.1, December 1974, pp.28-45
Claude Raillard (b.?-1708) was the son of one clockmaker and father to another, both also called Claude. In 1665 he supplied Cardinal Mazarin with a clock and a watch for 450 livres. He was garde-visiteur in Paris 1675-1677 and 1681-1682. The Parisian clockmakers' guild was governed by the Jurande, comprising four members known as Jurés or garde-visiteurs, elected for two years at a time. For a fuller account see Jean-Dominique Augarde, Les Ouvriers du Temps, Geneva, 1996, pp.15-16.
A tortoiseshell religieuse by Raillard was sold Sotheby's Amsterdam, Clocks, Watches and Wristwatches, 7 June 2005, lot 20. It is interesting to compare the cresting on the present clock with comparable examples on Dutch clocks of the period; on French clocks the crestings are cast brass and on Dutch clocks they are repoussé (see Plomp p.42). Examples by other French clockmakers of the period such as Nicolas Hanet (b.?-1723) and Henri Martinot (1646-1725) can be seen in Vehmeyer (pp.792-795) and Van den Ende et alia (pp.108-109).