No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.
Hans Staeger, Filderstadt.
H. Staeger, 100 Years of Precision Timekeepers from John Arnold to Arnold and Frodsham 1763-1862, Stuttgart, 1997, pp. 823-826.
D. Roberts, English Precision Pendulum Clocks, Atglen, 2003, pp.178-180.