Douglas Crockwell, gift of the artist
By descent to the present owner
Property from the Descendants of Douglas Crockwell
J. Rikhoff, David Smith, I Remember, New York, 1984, p. 10 (illustrated).
H. Kramer, "The Sculpture of David Smith," Arts Magazine, February 1960, p. 31 (illustrated).
New York, Willard Gallery, David Smith, April-May 1943. Albany Institute of History and Art, American Drawing Annual III, February 1943, no. 129.