VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Mr & Mrs Richard L. Frank, San Francisco, by 1962.
Anonymous sale, Christie's, London, 6 April 1976, lot 64.
By descent to the present owner.
P. Courthion, Rouault, London, 1962, p. 463 (illustrated p. 230; titled Clowns).
I. Rouault, Rouault, L'oeuvre peint, vol. II, Monte Carlo, 1988, no. 1234 (illustrated p. 31).
London, Tate Gallery, Rouault, October - November 1966, no. 56.