In some ways this portrait of Nasir al-Din Shah resembles one in the Louvre, signed by Abu'l Hassan Ghaffari (Layla Diba (ed.), Royal Persian Paintings. The Qajar Epoch 1785-1925, New York, 1998, no. 74, pp. 241-43). Although the setting differs, the Shah's facial features and demeanour are similar. Diba mentions that that work testifies to the new conventions for official portraiture devised by Nasiri court painters, where images of the ruler convey his luxurious tastes and autocratic yet melancholy character (Diba, op. cit., p. 241).