Probably Queen Christina of Sweden; thence by inheritance to
Cardinal Decio Azzolini; thence by descent to
Marchese Pompeo Azzolini.
Prince Livio Odescalchi; thence by descent to
Prince Ladislao Odescalchi.
Anonymous sale; Christie's, London, 6 July 1976, lot 56, where acquired by the present owner.
M. Mahoney, The Drawings of Salvator Rosa, New York, 1977, p. 438-9, no. 45.3.
R. Wallace, The Etchings of Salvator Rosa, Princeton, 1979, under no. 25a, fig. 26a.