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    Sale 7592

    Four British Collections Including Important Furniture

    5 June 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 7

    A GEORGE III GILTWOOD AND SCAGLIOLA PIER TABLE

    CIRCA 1780

    Price Realised  

    A GEORGE III GILTWOOD AND SCAGLIOLA PIER TABLE
    CIRCA 1780
    The demi-lune white marble top inlaid with oak leaf and acorn enclosed by pink and blue ribbon within a red and black husk-inlaid border, the rear edge with a half medallion enclosed by a laurel band, above an entrelac and stiff-leaf frieze on reeded tapering legs with a pearled collar and tapering feet, with fragmentary label printed 'Powell and Powell, Ltd.' and printed 'Q584', the central rail inscribed 'Mirror 8'9 /Table 3'-0 /11-9' and further cabinet-makers inscriptions, regilt
    36 in. (91.5 cm.) high; 64¾ in. (164.5 cm.) wide; 28 in. (71 cm.) deep


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    The pier-table is of demi-medallion form in the George III 'Roman' fashion of the 1770s, and its white marble top is scagliola-inlaid in Roman-mosaic manner including an Etruscan red and black ribbon. Its central sunflowered compartment, evoking the sun-god 'Apollo'as Mt. Parnassus' poetry deity, is wreathed by a beribboned garland of Jupiter's sacred oak that would be appropriate for a sideboard-table recalling the banquet of the gods. The golden table-frieze is wreathed, en suite with the antique-fluted columnar legs, by triumphal palms and a 'Venus' pearled ribbon-guilloche.
    Its 'Etruscan' vase colouring was popularised by Robert Adam's, Works in Architecture, 1774; while amongst the most celebrated manufacturers of such scagliola were the London firm of Bartoli and Richter, who had taken out a 1770 patent for 'an Art or Method of inlaying Scagliola or Plaister in and upon Marble'.
    Amongst their employees was Peter Bossi (fl. 1785-1798), who later became a famed Dublin stucco-worker and 'inlayer' in marble (see C. O'Neill, 'In Search of Bossi', Journal of the Irish Georgian Society, vol. I, 1998, pp. 146-175,fig. 12). Bossi who supplied related table tops for Carton, Ireland around 1780, also advertised two such table tops in 1786 as 'an elegant pair of statuary marble tables the whole inlaid scajola, on an entire new design' (information kindly supplied by John Rogers). Such 'sideboard table tops' were also manufactured by John Baptiste Cuvillie (d.1788) and Joseph Butcher, who boasted his 'Artificial Marble...Side-Boards...equal in colour and polish to any kind of Marble' ibid. Related border patterns featured in patterns illustrated by Adam's protégé Michaelangelo Pergolesi (d.1838) in his, Designs for Various Ornaments, 1771-1801. Related tops also feature on tables at Dunsany Castle, Ireland (D. Guinness and W. Ryan, Irish Houses and Castles, 1972, p.256).

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Saleroom Notice

    The top can be attributed to Dominic Bartoli: the ribbon-and-leaf design appears to have been his own invention.
    We are grateful to Donald Cameron for this additional information.


    Pre-Lot Text

    THE PROPERTY OF THE LATE LORD AND LADY ILIFFE OF BASILDON PARK
    (LOTS 1-23)