Charlotte von Rothschild, 1836 by Moritz Daniel Oppenheim,
Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel, The Bridgeman Art Library
The arms are those of Rothschild impaling Rothschild for Lionel Nathan de Rothschild, (1808-1879) and his wife Charlotte (1819-1884).
Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild was the eldest son of Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777-1836), founder of the British branch of the banking dynasty. Lionel was born in England and attended the University of Gottingen. In 1828 he started work at Rothschild's and in 1836 in Frankfurt he married Charlotte, the daughter of his uncle, the Baron Carl Mayer de Rothschild (1788-1855). Charlotte's marriage to her cousin followed the pattern of similar marriages in the family. After the death of his father, Lionel took control of the London business at the young age of twenty-eight.
In addition to his business interests, Lionel was active in politics, holding a seat in the House of Commons from 1858-1874. Both he and his wife, a noted hostess, were renowned for their great philanthropy. He was offered a baronetcy in 1846, which he declined. In 1838, he was given leave to use the Austrian family barony, and these candelabra are engraved with those crests and coronet.