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    Sale 7592

    Four British Collections Including Important Furniture

    5 June 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 150

    A PAIR OF GEORGE III SILVER CANDLESTICKS WITH A PAIR OF GEORGE III SILVER THREE-LIGHT CANDLEARMS TO MATCH

    THE CANDLESTICKS WITH MARK OF WILLIAM CRIPPS, LONDON, CIRCA 1760, THE BRANCHES WITH MARK OF MATTHEW BOULTON, BIRMINGHAM, 1820

    Price Realised  

    A PAIR OF GEORGE III SILVER CANDLESTICKS WITH A PAIR OF GEORGE III SILVER THREE-LIGHT CANDLEARMS TO MATCH
    THE CANDLESTICKS WITH MARK OF WILLIAM CRIPPS, LONDON, CIRCA 1760, THE BRANCHES WITH MARK OF MATTHEW BOULTON, BIRMINGHAM, 1820
    Each square base with robust foliage corners, the vase shaped stem on a rising fluted plinth, applied with foliage swags and below a foliage socket, the later branches reeded and terminating in foliage sockets with detachable nozzles and integral drip-pans, with a central vase socket with detachable finial, engraved on the branches with two crests, the candlesticks each marked underneath with maker's mark only four times, further engraved with a number and scratchweight 'No 3 47"9' and 'No 6 47"12', the candlearms marked at base, on nozzles and on finial
    20¼ in. (51.5 cm.) high
    192 oz. (5,982 gr.)
    The crests are those of Dodsworth and Smith, almost certainly for Sir Edward Dodsworth (1768-1845). He was born Edward Smith, eldest son of Sir John Silvester Smith, 1st Bt., but in 1821 he assumed by Royal License the surname Dodsworth in lieu of his own in compliance with the will of his maternal uncle the Rev. Frederick Dodsworth D.D., Canon of Windsor. He married Susannah (d.1830), youngest daughter of Col. Henry Dawkins of Standlynch, Wiltshire, in 1804, however, the marriage was childless and on his death the title and estates passed to his bother Sir Charles Dodsworth 3rd Bt. (1775-1857) (2)


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    The 'vase' candlesticks are designed in the George III French/antique manner and reflect the fashion for vase-decorated rooms in the Roman/Etruscan columbaria fashioned promoted around 1760 by the Rome-trained architects James Stuart (d.1788), Sir William Chambers (d.1796) and Robert Adam (d.1792). Intended to evoke lyric poetry's triumph, their plinth-supported and reed-gadrooned wine-krater vases are wreathed by pearled ribbon-guilloches from which garlands of 'Apollo' laurels festoon sunflower libation paterae; while their necks are wreathed in triumphal palms tied by 'Venus' pearl-strings. The laurel-wreathed and palm-flowed candle-urns rise from Corinthian-like clusters of Roman acanthus, which are similarly enriched with palms; while the vase-plinths' hollow-sided altar-drums rise from domed steps whose corners are wrapped by bas-relief Roman foliage.

    Their pattern harmonises with a desk ink-stand, which was commissioned by Sir Rowland Winn, 5th Bt. (d.1786) from his London neighbour in St. James's the goldsmith Mark Cripps, who had succeeded in 1767 to William Cripps' workshops at the Sign of the Golden Ball, St. James's Street, famed for the production of a number of mid-eighteenth century silver masterpieces. It is also worth noting that by the late 1760s Chippendale was supplying lady's writing-tables, fitted with folding candle-flaps, and popularly known as sofa-tables. It would certainly be expected that candlesticks formed part of the equipment of a gentleman's desk.The ink-stand returned in 2000 for display on its desk at Nostell (see Christie's, London, 22 November 2000, lot 61).

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    Sir Edward Dodsworth (1768-1845) of Newland Park and Birthwait, co. York and by descent to
    Sir Charles Edward Smith-Dodsworth (1853-1891).
    Sir Charles Edward Smith-Dodsworth (+); Christie's London, 15 June 1920, lot 59.
    Anonymous sale, Sotheby's, New York, 22 April 1998, lot 270


    Pre-Lot Text

    THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN
    (LOTS 130-209)