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    Sale 7524

    Turin London Corfu The Collection of Giorgio Marsan and Umberta Nasi

    12 - 13 December 2007, London, King Street

  • Lot 99

    A PAIR OF GEORGE III SYCAMORE CHESTS

    ATTRIBUTED TO GILLOWS, CIRCA 1790

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A PAIR OF GEORGE III SYCAMORE CHESTS
    ATTRIBUTED TO GILLOWS, CIRCA 1790
    Each crossbanded overall in rosewood, the rectangular top above three graduated cedar and mahogany-lined drawers with convex quarter-fillets, above a waved apron and gently splayed feet, handles apparently original, one chest with paper label pasted to the top drawer inscribed in an 18th century hand 'Chinese Dressing Room', followed by an inventory of the contents of that room, the other chest with similar paper label pasted to the top drawer inscribed 'Chinese Bed Room', followed by an inventory of the contents of that room
    34¾ in. (88.5 cm.) high; 37¼ in. (94.5 cm.) wide; 20½ in. (52 cm.) deep (2)


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    These golden sycamore chests, with elegantly bowed aprons and Grecian-scrolled feet, are conceived in 1780s Roman fashion, as featured in a clothes-press pattern in Messrs. A. Hepplewhite & Co.'s Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterer's Guide, 1788. They are likely to have been commissioned for Hinton House, Hinton St. George, Somerset around the time of its aggrandisement circa 1790 by John 4th Earl Poulett (d. 1819), following his inheritance in 1788. The 4th Earl was a close friend of George, Prince of Wales, later George IV. The chests are pasted with inventory lists of accompanying equipment, which indicate that they furnished the window piers of the bedroom and dressing-room of an apartment hung with Chinese flowered paper (C. Winn, The Pouletts of Hinton St. George, London, 1976, p. 149). Commodes intended for bedroom apartments such as this pair, were often supplied in a series, with one placed in each of the apartment's rooms. The paper inventory pasted to the top drawer of each commode would appear to confirm this: one commode placed in the Dressing Room and one placed in the Bedroom.
    GILLOWS
    Messrs. Gillow of London and Lancaster's coloured Pattern Book in the Westminster City Archives (no.735/1) includes a 1789 pattern for a similarly veneered and patterned commode, but with bowed front (L. Boynton, Gillow Furniture Designs 1760-1800, Royston, 1995, pl. 11). Wyatt's later involvement at Hinton is also a clue to the commodes' manufacture: the firm of Gillows and the Wyatt family of architects maintained close links, and furniture commissions from Gillows often followed a Wyatt architectural commission. Amongst other related bedroom furniture is that commissioned for Langleys, Essex by William Tufnell (d. 1814) from the court cabinet-maker and upholsterer Charles Elliott (d. 1832) of New Bond Street (E.T. Joy, 'Charles Elliott, Royal Cabinet-Maker', Connoisseur, June 1959, pp. 34-38, figs. 6-9). With their striated and silken tablets ribbon-banded in rosewood and enriched with golden ring-handles on bas-relief floral paterae (libation-plates), they appear to have been executed in the same workshops as a pair of smaller chests sold Christies, 19 May 1960 (lot 53).
    HINTON HOUSE
    There has been a Hinton House on the same site since 1490 but very little of the original building remains. With the family's newly elevated status in 1627, the 1st Baron Poulett (d. 1649) improved and enlarged the house accordingly. A new south wing, built following the design principles of Inigo Jones, was completed by 1636. Just a few years later in 1650 the estate ledgers show extensive building work was carried out, resulting in two further wings. In the early 18th Century, John, 1st Earl Poulett (1663-1743) remodelled the Long Gallery. However, it was in 1789 that the most drastic alterations of Hinton occurred, under John, 4th Earl Poulett (1756-1819). However, just a year after completion, in 1794, the Earl, still not satisfied, engaged Sir John Soane to remodel the interior. In spite of making plans and several visits to the house, the Earl decided at the last moment that he preferred the newly fashionable Gothic style and employed the architect James Wyatt (1746-1813) instead to proceed with the modifications. It was under Wyatt's direction that the panelled Grand Saloon, vaulted Gothic Gallery, and the two towers that flank the west of the house were added. The Library was redesigned, with bookshelves 'lined with crimson moreen' and ceiling mouldings in the latest fashion (C. Winn, op. cit., p. 143). The majority of the contents of Hinton House were sold by George, 8th Earl Poulett (d. 1973) in sales at Sotheby's, London, 1 November and 8 November 1968, and 28 March 1969, and at Lawrence's, Crewkerne, 23-24 October 1968.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    Supplied to John, 4th Earl Poulett (1756-1819), Hinton House, Hinton St George, Somerset.
    With Jeremy Ltd., London.
    With Mallett, London.