Jean-Baptiste Claude Sené, maître in 1769.
The quality and originality of Sené's work placed him among the pre-eminent menuisiers of the late 18th century. Around 1770 he established his workshop in the rue de Cléry, quickly building his reputation and ultimately supplying seat-furniture to the Garde-Meuble for Versailles, Montreuil, Saint-Cloud, Compiègne and Fontainebleau. His position ensured he remained in the vanguard of design characterised by strict form, delicate frames and well adjusted carving. (G.B Pallot, Furniture Collections in The Louvre, vol.II, Paris, 1993.)
This form of chair, with a 'medallion' back and circular seat derives from a model made by Jean-Nicholas Blanchard for the Comte d'Artois for Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and the form was subsequently adopted by Jean René Nadal and Philippe Poirié, both munuisiers to the Prince (see Guillaume Janneau, Les Sièges, Paris, 1967, p.136, pl.254). A precursor to the present lot, made for the comte d'Artois for his library at Versailles and stamped by Nadal, was illustrated in Jean-Louis Gaillemin, Les Folies d'Artois, L'Objet d'Arts, no 7, 1986.