• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 2105

    European Furniture, Works of Art, and Tapestries: Including Jansen: The Past Reimagined

    7 October 2008, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 48

    A PARTIAL LIMESTONE CLOISTER

    FRENCH AND SPANISH, 11TH CENTURY AND LATER, MANY ELEMENTS ASSOCIATED

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    This lot is offered without a reserve

    A PARTIAL LIMESTONE CLOISTER
    FRENCH AND SPANISH, 11TH CENTURY AND LATER, MANY ELEMENTS ASSOCIATED
    Comprised of a stylized carved stone floral frieze (not pictured in some earlier installations), seven carved stone arches, eight carved stone capitals, eight cylindrical stone columns, eight molded bases and eight later cement pilasters, variously numbered overall, with wear and damages overall
    Please contact the department for a Condition Report containing descriptions and measurements of individual pieces. (49)


    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    This impressive Cloister was a creation by George Grey Barnard (1863-1938), a gifted American sculptor from Pennsylvania. He studied under Pierre Jules Cavelier at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where his talents were recognized by the jury of the Paris Salon in 1894, which included the sculptor Rodin. Several years later when he was again in Paris working on a sculpture commission for the Pennsylvania state capital of Harrisburg, he began collecting examples of Romanesque and Gothic medieval artwork in France, which he brought to the United States before the outbreak of World War I.

    The Barnard Cloister, as it was called, was a romantic and freely artistic interpretation and display of this collection. Emulating a medieval church, he incorporated elements from various medieval cloisters and sculptured figures in wood and stone, which were further enhanced by incense and music. The Cloister drew tremendous attention from throughout America. In 1925, John D. Rockefeller bought the Cloister from Barnard, for the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. It is now situated on a rocky bluff north of Manhattan.

    This present example, the 'Abbaye', was the second cloister Barnard arranged in the United States. Completed in 1937, it incorporated a wide range of architectural elements and works of art from the 11th through the 13th centuries in France and Spain including elements from the St. Genis cloister, a 13th century tomb of a knight, as well as later Renaissance elements. It was partially acquired by the Philadelphia Museum of Art and partially sold at auction in 1945, subsequent to the artist's death. The celebrated Belgian collector, the Baron Cassel van Doorn, reportedly acquired the elements at auction for his villa in Cannes. They were later sold through the Parke-Bernet Gallery on Madison Avenue in Manhattan to the Carnegie Museum of Art. However, they do not appear to have been included in the large sale of the Cassel van Doorn property held at Parke-Bernet on the 9-10 December 1955, but must have been sold seperately.

    Special Notice

    This lot is offered without reserve.


    Provenance

    George Grey Barnard, sold Plaza Art Galleries, New York, 13 December, 1945, lot 56.
    Baroness Cassel Van Doorn.


    Saleroom Notice

    Please note the correct property title should read:
    PROPERTY SOLD TO BENEFIT THE ACQUISITION FUNDS OF CARNEGIE MUSEUM OF ART, PITTSBURGH
    (LOT 48)

    PLEASE NOTE THIS LOT IS BEING SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE AND NOT SUBJECT TO RETURN


    Pre-Lot Text

    PROPERTY SOLD TO BENEFIT THE ACQUISTION FUNDS OF THE CARNEGIE MUSEUM OF ARTS, PITTSBURGH
    (LOT 48)

    PLEASE NOTE THIS LOT IS BEING SOLD WITHOUT RESERVE AND NOT SUBJECT TO RETURN