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    Sale 7713

    Furniture & Clocks

    23 April 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 100

    A REGENCY SOLID MAHOGANY AND PARCEL-GILT ARMCHAIR

    THE DESIGN ATTRIBUTED TO WILLIAM PORDEN, CIRCA 1815

    Price Realised  

    A REGENCY SOLID MAHOGANY AND PARCEL-GILT ARMCHAIR
    THE DESIGN ATTRIBUTED TO WILLIAM PORDEN, CIRCA 1815
    The arched scrolled padded back, drop-in seat and seat rails covered in dark green velvet, with a carved foliate tablet panel, flanked by downswept arms pierced with Gothic arches and quatrefoils, the seat rails with quatrefoils centred by flowerheads, on reeded legs with later brass castors, the seat rails numbered and the drop-in seat frame incised 'IIII', the front seat rail with a printed paper label 'W. D. HODGES & CO., LTD. 247 & 249 BROMPTON RD. S.W.', formerly with furter carved elements to the side rails, refreshments to gilding, the castor plates stamped 'COPE'S PATENT'
    37¼ in. (95 cm.) high; 25¼ in. (64 cm.) wide; 27½ in. (70 cm.) deep


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    This pattern of Grecian-scrolled and French squab-seated 'bergere' chair is conceived in the florid 'British' fashion promoted at the commencement of George IV's Regency in 1812; and was invented by the architect and 'Grosvenor Estate' surveyor William Porden (d.1822) assisted by his son-in-law Joseph Kay for the Drawing Room of Robert, 2nd Earl Grosvenor's mansion at Eaton Hall, Cheshire. Intended for floral upholstery, its reed-sculpted mahogany frame is embellished with golden 'gothic' flowers and foliage in bas-relief medallions and tablets, while more flowers are sculpted in its triumphal-arched and gothic-cusped frets.

    Grosvenor's patriotic contribution in promoting the national Arts was rewarded with his elevation as Marquis of Westminster (1831); while his 'British' taste was publicised by 'Eaton Hall' watercolours executed in 1824 and published by J.C. Buckler in, Views of Eaton Hall, 1826; as well as by the Grosvenor furnishings illustrated in Rudolph Ackermann's, Repository of Arts, 1825. (see the Drawing Room illustrated Guy Acloque and John Cornforth, 'The Eternal Gothic of Eaton - II', Country Life, CLXIX, 1971, p. 363, fig. 6). A Porden design, proposed for the accompanying Drawing Room Grecian-sofas, is preserved in the Chester Record Office (see Acloque ibid, fig. 7). Unfortunately the suite has not been identified amongst payments made between 1813 and 1815 and totalling over $15,000. for the furniture supplied for Eaton and the London residence by Messrs. Gillow of London and Lancaster. Another of the Grosvenor Drawing Rooms chairs, acquired in 1959 by the Victoria and Albert Museum, is labelled as being probably designed by A.C. Pugin (d.1832) and executed by Gillow and Co. around 1823.

    A closely related chair is illustrated in C. Payne, Sotheby's Concise Encyclopedia of Furniture, 1989, p. 147.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    Messrs Hodges - the label early 20th century.


    Pre-Lot Text

    THE GROSVENOR CHAIR


    Literature

    M. Snodin, Design and the Decorative Arts Britain 1500-1900, 2001, p. 208, pl. 49).