Sales totals are hammer price plus buyer’s premium and do not reflect costs, financing fees or application of buyer’s or seller’s credits.
€3,000 - €5,000
- ($2,840 - $4,734)
SILVER, JUDAICA, RUSSIAN WORKS OF ART AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
18 June 2002
A historical and important English/Dutch 20KT gold-framed Elizabethan portrait miniature pendant
Apparently unmarked, England, 1585-1588
Oval, painted with the portrait of Queen Elizabeth I facing left in red dress and black coat, each with gold embroidery, flanked by crowned E and R, on blue ground, rock-crystal portrait glass, the reverse inscribed 'LA SERENISSIME ROINE D'ANGLETERRE ELIZABETH A ENVOIE CE SIEN POVTRAICT A MONSr DE MANMAKER TRESORIER GENERAL DE SEELANDE PAR LES MAINS DE MONSr LE COMTE DE LICESTER'
6 cm. high
gross 36 gr.
Christie's charges a Buyer's premium calculated at 23.205% of the hammer price for each lot with a value up to €110,000. If the hammer price of a lot exceeds €110,000 then the premium for the lot is calculated at 23.205% of the first €110,000 plus 11.9% of any amount in excess of €110,000. Buyer's Premium is calculated on this basis for each lot individually.
PROPERTY OF A DUTCH NOBLE FAMILY
In diplomacy presents played an important role. Often there is only a suspicion that an object was used for such an occasion. However not in this case. According to the inscription on the backside of the mounting, the present miniature was a gift of Queen Elizabeth I of England to De Manmaker, through the hands of the Earl of Leicester.
Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester (1533-1588) was sent by Elizabeth to the Netherlands to command Dutch and English auxiliary forces against the Spaniards after the fall of Antwerp in 1585. In 1586 he was appointed governor-general by the States General. Robert Dudley stayed in the Netherlands roughly between 1585 and 1588.
De Manmaker is Adriaen de Manmaker who was appointed thesaurier-generaal (chief treasurer) of the province of Zeeland by Prince William I on 20 October 1573. He was representative of 'de Eersten Edelen van Zeeland', in the meeting of the States and in the college of the delegate councel of Zeeland. (He successfully held this position until his death on 30 November 1590).
For comparative literature:
Nagtglas, F., Levensberichten van Zeeuwen, Middelburg, 1888-1893, pp. 125-127.
Aa, A.J. van der, Biografisch woordenboek der Nederlanden 12, Haarlem, 1896, pp. 145-147.
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