There is no individual as synonymous with an American music genre as Bill Monroe, the Father of Bluegrass. Recognized for his dynamic mandolin playing and high tenor singing, Monroe along with his band, the Blue Grass Boys, rejuvenated the older country sound and brought the mandolin to the forefront of country, pop and rock music. After losing both of his parents by the age of sixteen Monroe moved with two of his brothers to Chicago where he worked in an oil refinery while also performing as a square dancer on WLS National Barn Dance while singing and playing mandolin on local radio. Bill and his brother, Charlie went on to form the duo, Monroe Brothers. They performed on stations in Iowa and Nebraska before moving to the Carolinas in 1935; ultimately breaking up in 1938. Monroe and his new band, the Blue Grass Boys, auditioned for and were hired by the Grand Ole Opry in October 1939. Monroe received a number of awards and recognitions throughout his music career. He was elected into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1970 and received the Heritage award in 1982 from the National Endowment for the Arts. In 1988 his album, Southern Flavor, won a Grammy - the first ever for bluegrass. Monroe was inducted into the International Bluegrass Music Association Hall of Honor in 1991 and was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences in 1993.