• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 2024

    Indian and Southeast Asian Art

    16 September 2008, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 484

    A Jain pata of Lokapurusha

    INDIA, GUJARAT, 17TH CENTURY

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A Jain pata of Lokapurusha
    India, Gujarat, 17th century
    The standing yellow tirthankara with five rows of various animals and figures at his chest and upper arms, the jambudvipa at his waist, and ten rows of further animals and figures at his legs; a seated white jina at top center flanked by the jinas Mallinatha at upper left and Parsavanatha at upper right, each surrounded by squares of similar figures, two further deities at shoulder height, all interspersed with texts and numerical charts
    Opaque and gold pigments on textile
    50¼ x 29 in. (129 x 74 cm.)


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    Lokapurushas depict the correlation between man and the universe by relating the cosmos to the proportions of the human figure. Divided into three parts, adholoka is represented from below the navel to the base; madhyaloka reduced to just the jambudvipa and represented by a round disk at the waist; and urdhvaloka is depicted by the torso, neck and head. The heavens and hell are further subdivided into multiple levels represented by multicolored squares to indicate where different deities, demons, animals and humans live.

    Mallinatha, the nineteenth jina at upper left, is identifiable by his kailasha and elephant vehicle.

    Parsavanatha, the twenty-third jina at upper right, is easily recognized by his green color and the seven-hooded snake serving as his canopy. The
    additional imagery of the two jinas and related texts reinforce the Jain depictions of the metaphysical universe.