No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 17.5% will be added to the buyer's premium, which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.
Hölscher Collection, Mülheim-am-Rhein, and by inheritance to the
Hölscher-Stumpf Collection, Berlin, by 1908 (p. 41 in the collection catalogue, according to Hofstede de Groot, loc. cit., below), and by inheritance to
Geheimrat Johann Stumpf; Lepke, Berlin, 7 May 1918, lot 78.
Anonymous sale; Dorotheum, Vienna, 11 December 1985, lot 525 (sold AS 900,000 [£34,000]).
Hans Wertitsch, Vienna, from whom acquired by the following.
Anonymous sale [The Property of a European Private Collector]; Christie's, London, 3 December 1997, lot 36 (£56,500 to the present owner).
M.G. Zimmermann, Niederländische Bilder des 17. Jahrhunderts, Leipzig, 1908, p. 41.
C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue Raisonné, etc., VII, London, 1923, p. 430, no. 451.
F. Bachmannn, Aert van der Neer, Bremen, 1982, pp. 71 and 107, fig. 77.
W. Schulz, Aert van der Neer, Doornspijk, 2002, p. 475, no. 1433, pl. 238 (as whereabouts unknown).