• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 12471

    Arts of India

    26 May 2016, London, King Street

  • Lot 83

    AN IMPRESSIVE VIEW OF THE JAIN PILGRIMAGE CENTRE OF SATRUNJAYA

    NORTH WEST INDIA, SECOND HALF 19TH CENTURY

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    AN IMPRESSIVE VIEW OF THE JAIN PILGRIMAGE CENTRE OF SATRUNJAYA

    NORTH WEST INDIA, SECOND HALF 19TH CENTURY
    Opaque pigments on cotton, a panoramic aerial view depicting various processions of men, women and monks making pilgrimage to many different Jain shrines, the Jinas arranged in niches within larger temples set in a hilly landscape with caves and trees, on yellow ground with floral borders
    95 x 63in. (241.4 x 160cm.)


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    This painted map is an overview of the temple complex of Satrunjaya, the most important Jain pilgrimage site. This is where Rishabhanatha, the first Jina, attained perfect knowledge. Monumental maps such as this one serve a surrogate for those unable to visit the shrines. The complex is divided over two ridges, the one on the left was built by Kumarapala in 1213 and dedicated to the Jina Adinath, while the one on the right was established later by Jain merchants. The Satrunjaya river appears on the left.

    Other maps of Satrunjaya are in the National Gallery of Australia and dated 1897-98, attributed to Gujarat or Rajasthan (NGA.2005.945), in the Paul F. Walter collection and illustrated in Pratapaditya Pal, The Peaceful Liberators, Jain Art from India, exhibition catalogue, London, 1994, cat.117, pp. 252-253, in the Victoria and Albert Museum (IS.32-2012) and last one, although of slightly different format, sold at Christie's South Kensington, 1st October 2012, lot 273. For an in-depth discussion of Jain pilgrimages see Pratapaditya Pal, op.cit.. cat.117, p.252-253.