VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Anonymous sale; Finarte, Rome, 30 March 1982, lot 101.
Anonymous sale; Jean-Marc Delvaux, Paris, 1 December 1997, lot 22, as Lionello Spada, where acquired by the present owner.
B. Nicolson, Caravaggism in Europe, ed. L. Vertova, Oxford, 1989, I, p. 178.
F. Frisoni,'Lionello Spada', in E. Negro and M. Pirondini, La scuola dei Carracci. Dall'Accademia alla bottega di Ludovico, Modena, 1994, pp. 268, 272-3, note 31, fig. 345.
M. Pirondini, E. Monducci, E. Negro and N. Roio, Leonello Spada, Florence, 2002, pp. 185-6, no. 151.