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    Sale 2820

    Old Master and 19th Century Art

    6 May 2009, Amsterdam

  • Lot 208

    Barend Cornelis Koekkoek (Middelburg 1803-1862 Cleves)

    Een bergachtig landschap bij ondergaande zon: panoramic landscape at dusk

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Barend Cornelis Koekkoek (Middelburg 1803-1862 Cleves)
    Een bergachtig landschap bij ondergaande zon: panoramic landscape at dusk
    signed and dated 'B.C. Koekkoek ft/1851.' (lower left); and signed and dated again and inscribed with title and authenticated:'Deze schilderij, voorstellende/een Bergachtig landschap bij/Ondergaande Zon, is geschil-/derd in 1851 door den-/Onder-/geteekende./BC Koekkoek.'(on a label attached to the reverse) and with the artist's seal
    oil on panel
    47 x 58 cm.


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    Barend Cornelis Koekkoek (1803-1862) has successfully created an accurate and atmospheric portrayal of a wooded valley which is enlivened by a setting sun. It was painted in 1851 when Koekkoek had already received the highest possible distinction: two Gold Medals at the Paris Salon on different occasions. The first was awarded to him for a landscape painted for the Prince of Orange, later King Willem II, in 1840. He received his second Gold Medal in 1843, confirming his status as the leading Romantic landscape painter of his time.

    Barend Cornelis Koekkoek was born on the 11th of October 1803 in Middelburg as eldest son to the Marine painter Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek (1778-1851) (see lot 133 and 216). At the early age of thirteen Koekkoek studied at the local academy and frequented evening classes by Abraham Kraystein (1793-1855). Having been awarded a scholarship by the Dutch Government, Koekkoek attended the academy in Amsterdam where he was taught by Jean Augustin Daiwaille (1786-1850) whom he befriended and was to work with for the rest of his career. On the 14th of August 1833 he married Daiwaille's daughter Elise Therese (1814-1881).

    In 1841 Koekkoek founded a Drawing Academy, the Zeigen Collegium in Cleves, where he tutored many young artists such as his brother Marinus Adrianus Koekkoek (1807-1870), his brother-in-law Alexander Joseph Daiwaille (1818-1888), Johann Bernard Klombeck (1815-1893), Louwrens Hanedoes (1822-1905), Johannes Tavenraat (1809-1881), Lodewijk Johannes Kleijn (Dutch, 1817-1897) and Frederik Marinus Kruseman (1816-1882).

    With nature as his most important inspiration, Koekkoek carefully selected and combined various elements to create a new whole. In addition to the beautiful landscape, Koekkoek added figures and animals in the immediate foreground, a large ruin on the left in the distance. These additions play an important role as they create a spatial order through which the eye is allowed to wander. As the eye is guided through the spatial order, starting with the figures standing in the foreground, its is led through the sunlit centre layer of the work to the hazy and darkened background starting with the ruin and ending in the clouds hanging over the hilltops.

    The authenticity has kindly been confirmed by Drs G. de Werd, director of Museum Haus Koekkoek, Cleves.

    Special Notice

    Christie’s charges a premium to the buyer on the Hammer Price of each lot sold at the following rates: 29.75% of the Hammer Price of each lot up to and including €20,000, plus 23.8% of the Hammer Price between €20,001 and €800.000, plus 14.28% of any amount in excess of €800.000. Buyer’s premium is calculated on the basis of each lot individually.


    Provenance

    Laura von Oelbermann; her sale, Lempertz, Cologne 11 December 1929, lot 50.
    Mr. A. Langen, Krefeld, 1962.
    Anonymous sale, Lempertz, Cologne, 14 June 1976, lot 468.
    Anonymous sale, Christie's, London, 20 April 1979, lot 41.
    Kunstgalerij Albricht B.V., Velp. Richard Green Ltd, London, as: A mountainous wooded landscape at sunset, where acquired by the present owner.


    Literature

    Fr. Gorissen, B.C. Koekkoek 1803-1862: Werkverzeichnis der Gemälde, Düsseldorf 1962, cat.no. 51/47, ill., as: Bergachtig landschap bij ondergaande zon.


    Exhibited

    Städtisches Museum Haus Koekkoek, Ausstellung B.C. Koekkoek, Kleve, 24 June-30 September 1962, cat.no. 71.