• Twenty rooms: The private coll auction at Christies

    Sale 2857

    Twenty rooms: The private collection of the late Mrs Elias-Vaes

    27 - 29 April 2010, Amsterdam

  • Lot 164

    Circle of Jan de Baen (Haarlem 1633-1702 The Hague)

    Portrait of Engel de Ruyter (1649-1678), three-quarter-length, dressed as a Roman general in an antique costume with a red wrap, standing before a curtain, his right hand resting on his helmet, a seascape beyond

    Price Realised  

    Circle of Jan de Baen (Haarlem 1633-1702 The Hague)
    Portrait of Engel de Ruyter (1649-1678), three-quarter-length, dressed as a Roman general in an antique costume with a red wrap, standing before a curtain, his right hand resting on his helmet, a seascape beyond
    inscribed with the coat-of-arms of the De Ruyter family (upper right)
    oil on canvas
    117 x 98.5 cm.


    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    Contact the department

    Engel Michielsz. de Ruyter (Flushing 1649 - 1683) was born as the second son of the famous Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter from his second marriage to Cornelia Engels. Like his father, he started his naval career at a rather young age; at fifteen he joined Michiel de Ruyter on his expeditions to the West-African coast and the Battles of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. It was not uncommon for captains to bring their sons during their voyages, as it was a perfect opportunity for them to learn the trade while being paid by the Dutch Admiralty.

    In 1666, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, Engel officially went into the service of the Dutch Admiralty as a Midshipman. His career progressed swiftly and in 1669 he became captain in Ordinary, receiving a permanent appointment with a yearly income, which was quite rare in the 17th century.

    For the Third Anglo-Dutch War he joined his father's fleet and fought as Captain of the Deventer in the famous Battle of Solebay in 1672, where he was wounded by a splinter in his chest. For the next three battles he sailed ship on the Waesdorp. This change of command saved his life, as the Deventer was run aground in the First Battle of Schooneveld and sank. After the war he was promoted to Rear-Admiral. In 1678 he was finally promoted to Vice-Admiral, the highest rank he would hold.

    Engel de Ruyter assisted the preacher Gerard Brandt with a biography on his father and summarized the logbooks of his travels, making them more accessible. He never married and died childless in 1683.

    A portrait of Engel de Ruyter by Ferdinand Bol (1616-1680) and Willem van de Velde II (1633-1707), dated 1669, is in the Mauritshuis, The Hague. Another portrait by Jan Lievens, dated 1680, is in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.

    Special Notice

    Christie’s charges a premium to the buyer on the Hammer Price of each lot sold at the following rates: 29.75% of the Hammer Price of each lot up to and including €20,000, plus 23.8% of the Hammer Price between €20,001 and €800.000, plus 14.28% of any amount in excess of €800.000. Buyer’s premium is calculated on the basis of each lot individually.


    Provenance

    (Probably) commissioned by the parents of the sitter;
    (Probably) by descent to their daughter Margaretha Somer-de Ruyter (1652-1688), Amsterdam;
    (Probably) by descent to her daughter Margaretha de Wilhem-Somer (1680-1738), Amsterdam;
    (Probably) by descent to her son David de Leu de Wilhem (1705-1768), Amsterdam;
    (Probably) by descent to his daughter Magtelina Henrietta Elias-de Wilhem (1730-1797), Amsterdam;
    (Probably) by descent to her son Pieter Elias (1756-1813), Amsterdam;
    (Probably) by descent to his son Gerbrand Elias (1780-1814), Schiedam;
    (Probably) by descent to his son Pieter Elias (1807-1857), Amsterdam;
    (Probably) by descent to his son Gerbrand Pieter Elias (1834-1913), Amsterdam;
    by descent to his son Pieter Elias (1872-1955), Nijmegen;
    by descent to his son Adrien Elias (1903-1963), Rotterdam;
    by descent to his wife Wilhelmina Gerardina Elias-Vaes (1908-2002), Rotterdam.


    Exhibited

    Rotterdam, Historisch Museum, Bezeten Bezit, Keuzetentoonstelling uit de verzameling van Mevrouw W.G. Elias-Vaes te Rotterdam, 18 April-1 August 1970, no. 3, as 'anonymous, 17th century'.
    On loan to the Zeeuws Museum, Middelburg, 1976-85.