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    Sale 7575

    Old Master and British Pictures

    25 April 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 99

    Circle of Michelangelo Cerquozzi (Rome 1602-1660)

    The aftermath of a battle, with soldiers raising an injured king in the foreground

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Circle of Michelangelo Cerquozzi (Rome 1602-1660)
    The aftermath of a battle, with soldiers raising an injured king in the foreground
    with Schulenburg inventory numbers '61' and '33' (lower right)
    oil on canvas
    26 1/8 x 39½ in. (66.3 x 100.2 cm.)


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    Giovanni Battista Santi Rota was a Venetian lawyer who in 1712 was acting as 'agente et economo' to Duke Léopold Joseph I of Lorraine, chief inheritor of the estate of Ferdinando Carlo, last Duke of Mantua. Santi Rota's entire collection was put up as collateral on 15 April 1723 against a loan of 4,000 ducats from Field Marshal Count Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg (1661-1747); 86 paintings, including the present picture, two drawings and a relief were deeded by Santi Rota to Schulenburg on 12 October 1724, for a total sum of 7233 ducats. A clause in the contract stipulated that should Schulenburg sell any of the pictures in the first five years, Santi Rota would be entitled to a share in the profit. The fact that the contract left open the possibility of resale suggests that Schulenburg had not yet determined to become a collector; however, Alice Binion notes that he developed a strong enthusiasm for the idea shortly thereafter, actively adding to the core acquired from Santi Rota from 1725 onwards (Binion, op. cit., p. 55).

    It is not surprising that the Field Marshal took a particular interest in pictures with military subjects (see lot 101); at least 70 of the 789 pictures in the 1741 inventory are scenes of battle or military life (Binion, op. cit., pp. 75-76).

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    The Dukes of Mantua and by descent to
    Ferdinando Carlo di Gonzaga-Nevers, 10th and last Duke of Mantua (1652-1708).
    Giovanni Battista Rota, by whom sold on 12 October 1724 as one of two battle pictures by Giulio Romano, with other works of art from the collection of the Dukes of Mantua to
    Field Marshal Count Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg (1661-1747), by whom bequeathed to his nephew,
    Christian Günther von der Schulenburg, Berlin, and by descent to the present owner.


    Pre-Lot Text

    THE PROPERTY OF A PRIVATE COLLECTOR (LOTS 95-102)


    Literature

    List of the 89 works sold by Giovanni Battista Santi Rota to Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg on 12 October 1724, for the total sum of 7233 ducats, Hanover, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv, Dep. 82, Abt. III, N. 19, as one of two 'Battaglie mezzane di Giuglio Romano'.
    Inventario Generale della Galleria di S: Eccelza Felt Marescial Conte di Shulembourgh...La qual Galleria pincipiò a formarsi dal 1724, e Fino al presente 1738 30 Maggio, Hanover, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv, MS, Dep. 82, Abt. III, N. 37, as one 'Quadri due compagni con cornice dorate dorate [sic] Rappresentano Battaglie, purchased for 150 ducats (from Giovanni Battista Santi Rota, see above) and subsequently valued at 400 ducats.
    Specificazione de Quadri spediti in Germania, Prima Spedizione 12 7bre 1736, Hanover, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv, MS, Dep. 82, Abt. III, N. 37, as one of the two 'Quadri compagni rap.no Battaglie' by Giulio Romano, purchased for 150 ducats and subsequently valued at 500 ducats.
    1741, 30 Giugno Venezia, Inventario Generale della Galleria di S.E. Maresciallo Co: di Schulemberg...La qual Galleria pricipio à formarsi l'anno 1724 ripartita coll'ordine che segue, Hanover, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv, MS, Dep. 82, Abt. III, N. 37, as one of the 'Quadri due compagni con cornice dorate rapresentano battaglie Prima spne' by Giulio Romano, valued at 800 ducats.
    Inventaire de la Gallerie de Feu S. e. Mgr. Le Feldmarechal Comte de Schulenburg, annotated copy, Hanover, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv, Dep. 82, Abt. III, N. 95. No. 33, as one of the two 'Tableaux égaux représentant des batailles' by Giulio Romano.
    A. Binion, La Galleria scomparsa del maresciallo von der Schulenburg, Milan, 1990, pp. 133, 191, 222, 262 and 275.