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    Sale 1911

    Important American Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture

    29 November 2007, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 219

    Daniel Garber (1880-1958)

    In the Valley

    Price Realised  


    Daniel Garber (1880-1958)
    In the Valley
    oil on canvas
    18¼ x 22¼ in. (46.4 x 56.5 cm.)
    Painted circa early 1930s.

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    One of the most celebrated artists of the New Hope School, Daniel Garber blends jewel-toned colors, fastidious draftsmanship and soft brushstrokes to create a dream like tranquility in In the Valley. The artist's mastery of light and color are at their height in this refined and splendid painting in which he blends an Impressionist tonality and atmosphere with a realistic depiction of the Uhlerstown, Pennsylvania landscape.

    Garber received his initial artistic training at the Art Academy of Cincinnati and later at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, studying under William Merritt Chase and Cecilia Beaux. The most significant influence during Garber's early career, however, was his study in Europe from 1903 to 1905, "Garber...during a year of study in Paris, was influenced by the European Impressionists. From this exposure to these masters, Garber honed his skill at representing sunlight and derived his use of lively pastel colors." (Beacon Hill Fine Art, An American Tradition: The Pennsylvania Impressionists, exhibition catalogue, New York, 1995, p. 18)

    Garber was not only influenced by the style, but also the practice of the European plein air artists. For the remainder of his career, he was insistent on completing his works out of doors, rather than making quick sketches of his subject and returning to his studio to compose his final canvas. This routine further cultivated his intimate understanding of light and atmosphere. "Garber's dedication to outdoor study from the motif became the foundation of his method...Because he liked to work directly, without preparatory drawings, Garber needed the constant presence of the motif during most of the execution of the painting." (The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Daniel Garber, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1980, p. 27)

    In the Valley is exemplary of Garber's ability to capture the luminous effect of light on atmosphere and landscape. He adeptly applies a muted palette of pinks and mauves in the sky, alternating concise and elongated brushstrokes to create the thick and slightly hazy air of a warm summer afternoon. He captures the sun with shimmering highlights as it diffuses through the trees and landscape. The subtle modulation of color and reflected light on the serene surface of the water and farmland create a sense of leisurely movement and allude to the tranquil passage of time. The bold greens of the trees are in harmonious contrast to the muted colors of the sky and distant hills, emphasizing the trees' solidarity in relation to the evanescent atmosphere.

    While In the Valley manifests many of the tenets of Impressionism, it is also a loyal depiction of the Uhlerstown landscape. This strong tempering of Impressionism with Realism is one of the hallmarks of Garber's work. "Garber's idealizing sensibility always coexisted with his realist approach, and the unique effects produced by his balance of the two impulses...This search for the restful and the beautiful within the 'plain facts' of his own life motivated all of Garber's best work, and transformed his homliest subjects into something serene and golden." (Daniel Garber, p. 30)

    Special Notice

    On occasion, Christie's has a direct financial interest in the outcome of the sale of certain lots consigned for sale. This will usually be where it has guaranteed to the Seller that whatever the outcome of the auction, the Seller will receive a minimum sale price for the work. This is known as a minimum price guarantee. This is such a lot.


    The artist.
    Estate of the above.
    Mary Franklin Garber.
    Estate of the above.
    Tanis Garber Page, December 1976.
    [With]Janet Fleisher Gallery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1978.
    Bernard Ungerleider, Lambertville, New Jersey, acquired from the above, 1979.
    Private collection, Princeton, New Jersey, acquired from the above.
    Richard Stuart Gallery, Pipersville, Pennsylvania, acquired from the above, by 1984.
    Private collection, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Edgartown Art Gallery, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.
    Acquired by the present owner from the above, 2007.

    Pre-Lot Text

    Property from a Private Collection, New Jersey


    The Magazine Antiques, April 1984, I25, no. 4, illustrated.
    S. Hunter, American Impressionism: The New Hope Circle, exhibition catalogue, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 1987, n.p.
    Hollis Taggart Galleries, Daniel Garber Catalogue Raisonné, compiled by Lance Humphries (with an introduction by Kathleen Foster), New York, 2006, p. 208, no. P568, illustrated.


    Scranton, Pennsylvania, Everhart Museum, Exhibition of Paintings by Daniel Garber, December 1, 1933-January 2, 1934, no. 2.
    Utica, New York, Utica Public Library Art Gallery, Exhibition of Oil Paintings: William Langson Lathrop, Daniel Garber, John Fulton Folinsbee, November 1934, no. 14.
    Elmira, New York, Arnot Art Gallery, Exhibition of Oil Paintings by William Langson Lathrop, Daniel Garber, and John Fulton Folinsbee, April 3-28, 1935, no. 23.
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Janet Fleisher Gallery, Daniel Garber (1880-1958): American Impressionist, March 14-April 21, 1979.
    Pipersville, Pennsylvania, Richard Stuart Gallery, Important Works by Daniel Garber and Edward W. Redfield, April-May, 1984.
    Fort Lauderdale, Florida, The Museum of Art, American Impressionism: The New Hope Circle, December 5, 1984-January 27, 1985, no. 30.