VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Given by the artist to his daughter, Christine, subsequent wife of Henry Bicknell.
Anonymous sale; Sotheby's, London, 9 July 1997, lot 75, where acquired by the present owner.
James Ballantine, The Life of David Roberts, R.A., 1866, p. 251, no. 175.