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    Sale 12071

    Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale

    13 May 2016, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 1231

    Fernand Leger (1881-1955)

    Nature morte au tapis bleu

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Fernand Leger (1881-1955)
    Nature morte au tapis bleu
    signed and dated 'F. LEGER 50' (lower right); signed and dated again and titled 'F. LEGER 50 NATURE-MORTE au tapis bleu' (on the reverse)
    oil on canvas
    21 3/8 x 25 5/8 in. (54 x 65 cm.)
    Painted in 1950


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    After five years of wartime exile, Léger returned to France in December 1945. He was glad to be home. In "Art and the People," a 1946 article published in the journal Arts de France, Léger declared, "I want to tell what I felt in returning to France, the joy I have had in rediscovering my country... I assure you that the people have made a great advance in France. I assure you that a magnificent evolution has come about... I have faith in France" (quoted in E.F. Fry, ed., Fernand Léger, Functions of Painting, New York, 1973, pp. 147-148). Léger began working toward a crowning series of large murals, culminating in La grande parade, 1954 (The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York). Engaging in an increasingly diverse range of projects, within a few years he commanded a small army of studio assistants, artisans and craftsmen, to help him create ceramics, large sculptures, mosaics and stained-glass windows. He directed his own school, the Atelier Fernand Léger on the boulevard Clichy, where he had as many as a hundred students at a time. The reputation he had established in New York during the war encouraged many young Americans artists, including Sam Francis, Richard Stankiewicz, Kenneth Noland, and Jules Olitski, to seek him out and enroll in his classes under the G.I. Bill.
    Remarkably, Léger found time to paint numerous easel-sized paintings as well, some of which are directly related to his larger compositions. There are also independent figures, abstract pictures that were intended as ideas for murals and still life paintings in the time-honored French tradition of Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin. The present spirited, colorful and pulsing Nature morte au tapis bleu of 1950 carries forward, in Léger's more freely composed and organic post-war style, the precedents of the great nature morte compositions he had done during the 1920s. Still life objects dominate the eight magnificent paintings of Georges Braque's Atelier series done between 1949 and 1955, suggesting that for both men the nature morte was the essential vehicle for contemplating the painter's craft at this late stage in each of their careers.
    In Nature morte au tapis bleu, the vibrant jostle of forms, with contrasts between the carefully modeled yellow teapot, plants with leaves jutting in different directions, and over-size pitcher and glass, testifies to Léger's concern with line and form, but especially with color. "Color is a human need like water and fire," he explained in 1946. "It is a raw material indispensable to life. In every period of his existence and history, man has associated it with his joys, his acts, and pleasures" (quoted in ibid., p. 149).
    Compositional elements are bound together in this complex canvas on a single, flattened but spatially ambiguous plane. Objects and the ground merge into a single, unified space. It is color that lends this work its sense of depth, despite the sparse conventional modeling. Bright primary colors separated by thick black outlines create the semblance of space within the composition. More than a decade before painting the present work Léger asserted, "Color can enter into play with a surprising and active force without any need to incorporate instructive or sentimental elements. A wall can be destroyed by the application of pure colors...A wall can be made to advance or recede, to become visually mobile. All this with color" (quoted in ibid., p. 123). Léger's late "mural" style represents the ultimate evolution of the basic principles of painting that he set forth in his celebrated Contrastes de formes series of 1913-1914, "the simultaneous ordering of three plastic components: Lines, Forms and Colors" (quoted in ibid., p. 4).

    Provenance

    Galerie Louis Carré, Paris (acquired from the artist, by 1952).
    David M. Solinger, New York (acquired from the above, July 1953).
    Acquired from the above by the late owner, January 1968.


    Pre-Lot Text

    PROPERTY FROM THE ESTATE OF VIVIAN S. SCHULTE


    Literature

    G. Bauquier, Fernand Léger, Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint, 1949-1951, Paris, 2003, vol. VIII, p. 112, no. 1383 (illustrated).


    Exhibited

    London, The Lefevre Gallery (Alex. Reid & Lefevre, Ltd.), The School of Paris, July 1951, no. 19.
    Kunsthalle Bern, Fernand Léger, April-May 1952, no. 92.


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