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    Sale 7610

    Important Old Master & British Pictures Day Sale Including Property From The Collection Of The Princely House Of Liechtenstein

    9 July 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 114

    Follower of Konrad Witz, 15th Century

    The Crucifixion with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist and a donatrix

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Follower of Konrad Witz, 15th Century
    The Crucifixion with the Virgin, Saint John the Evangelist and a donatrix
    oil on panel, unframed
    51¾ x 31 in. (131.5 x 78.7 cm.)


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    We are grateful to Ludwig Meyer for suggesting the attribution to an artist influenced by Konrad Witz (c 1400/10-1445/6), working c. 1460-70. Considered one of the great innovators in northern European painting (author of one of the first night scenes in northern painting, and, in The Miraculous Draught of Fishes, Geneva, Musée d'art et d'histoire, of a virtuoso depiction of light reflected by water), Witz was a painter working along the Upper Rhine, uniting Swiss, German and Burgundian influences. The author of the present picture was one of his successors in the region, as is evidenced by the use of a softwood support. Almost all wood used in the Upper Rhine is of softwood species such as spruce and fir, while oak is almost exclusively preferred in the Lower Rhine.

    The figures of Christ and of the Vigin are based on those of Christ and Saint Mary Magdalen in Rogier van der Weyden's (c. 1399-1464) triptych of The Crucifixion (Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv. no. 901), while that of Saint John the Evangelist may be drawn from a German source. The habit of the donatrix is that of the Convent of Saint Odile, on Mont Saint-Odile (called the Holy Mountain of Alsace), near Strasbourg. The Convent could trace its origins to the seventh century, when the first community was founded by Saint Odilia; closed after a fire in 1546, since 1853, it has increasingly been a place of pilgrimage.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    The Princely House of Liechtenstein, in the Garden Palace at Rossau by 1873 (when recorded as being there by Falke (and again in 1885, loc. cit.); at Gaming, Styria, from February to October 1941, when moved to Vienna, until 1945, when moved to Schloss Vaduz, Liechtenstein, until the present.


    Literature

    J. Falke, Katalog der Fürstlich Liechtensteinischen Bilder-Galerie im Gartenpalais der Rossau zu Wien, Vienna, 1873, p. 118, no. 1033, as Netherlandish, 15th century.
    J. Falke, Katalog der fürstlich Liechtensteinischen Bilder-Galerie im Gartenpalais der Rossau zu Wien, Vienna, 1885, p. 97, no. 728, as Netherlandish, 15th century.
    W. Suida, Moderner Cicerone, Stuttgart, 1904, II (for Vienna), p. 118.
    A. Kronfeld, Führer durch die Fürstlich Liechtensteinsche Gemäldegalerie in Wien, Vienna, 1931, p. 143, no. 728, as Netherlandish, 15th century.