• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 12109

    Old Masters

    26 October 2016, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 129

    Follower of Raffaello Sanzio, called Raphael

    The Madonna of the Pinks (La Madonna dei Garofani)

    Price Realised  


    Follower of Raffaello Sanzio, called Raphael
    The Madonna of the Pinks (La Madonna dei Garofani)
    oil on panel
    11¼ x 9 in. (28.6 x 22.8 cm.)

    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    Raphael’s Madonna of the Pinks is one of the artist’s most famous compositions, known from numerous 16th and 17th century copies. The version formerly in the Camuccini collection in Rome and later in the collection of the Duke of Northumberland (today National Gallery, London, NG6596), has recently been identified as the original work by Raphael. Alongside the Northumberland painting, the present work from Conte Luigi Spada’s collection has traditionally been understood to be amongst the finest surviving examples. In the early 20th century, Adolfo Venturi, Gustav Gluck, Wilhelm Suida, Antonio Morassi and Antonio Porcella all considered the present work to be by the hand of Raphael himself (written communication, cited in R. De Grada, op. cit., p. 8).


    Cardinal Spada, by 1696, and by descent to
    Counts Cesare and Francesco Spada, Lucca, by 1847, and by descent to
    Count Cesare Spada, by 1927.
    with French and Company, New York.
    Acquired by the Countess Nadia de Navarro, Glen Head, New York, prior to 1964.

    Pre-Lot Text



    J.D. Passavant, Rafael von Urbino und sein Vater Giovanni Santi, Leipzig, 1858, III, p. 99, as Circle of Raphael.
    J.A. Crowe and B. G. Cavalcaselle, Raphael: His Life and Works, London, 1882, I, pp. 343-4, as Studio of Raphael.
    A. Rosenberg, Raffael: des Meisters Gema¨lde in 203 Abbildungen, Stuttgart and Leipzig, 1906, p. 28, as Raphael.
    S. de Ricci, Description Raisonnee des Peintures du Louvre. I. Écoles étrangères Italie et Espagne, Paris, 1913, p. 138, no. 1513B.1.
    A. Rosenberg, Raffael, Stuttgart and Berlin, 1922, p. 250, as Raphael.
    W. Suida, Raphael, 2nd edition, London, 1948, p. 7, as Raphael.
    N. di Carpegna, Catalogo della Galleria Nazionale, Palazzo Barberini, Rome, 1953, p. 20, fig 58.
    G. Gamulin, "Una copia della Madonna del Garofano", Commentari Rivistia di Critica e Storia dell'Arte, IX, 1958, p. 161.
    L. Dussler, Raffael: Kritisches Verzeichnis der Gemälde, Wandbilder und Bildteppiche, Munich, 1966, pp. 53-4, no. 93.
    L. Dussler, Raphael. A critical catalogue of his pictures, wall-paintings and tapestries, New York and London, 1971, p. 63.
    N. Penny, "Raphael's 'Madonna dei Garofani' Rediscovered", Burlington Magazine, CXXXIV, 1992, p. 81.
    J. Meyer zur Capellen, Raphael. The Paintings, Landshut, 2001, I, p. 212, no. 25/II.17.
    I. Schade-Schlieder, Die Kopien der "Madonna mit der Nelke" von Raffael, Ph.D. dissertation, Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, 2009, pp. 208-212, no. 26.


    Milan, Palazzo Reale, Arte Europea da una Collezione Americana, March-April 1964, no. 4, as 'Raffaello' (catalogue by R. De Grada).